հակ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian հակ (hak).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

հակ (hak)

  1. bale, bag, sack, pack

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain.[1] Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *pog-, *peg- (shoulder, hip, side),[2] whence Sanskrit पक्ष (pakṣa), Latin pectus, Russian пах (pax)[3].

The sense "bale, bag" developed from a pair of bags hanging opposite each other from the sides of a horse.[1]

Adjective[edit]

հակ (hak)

  1. contrary, opposed to

Noun[edit]

հակ (hak)

  1. (post-classical) bale, bag, sack, pack
  2. (post-classical) answer

Usage notes[edit]

Hellenophile authors used this word post-classically as a prefix corresponding to Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-, anti-, against), e.g. հակադարձ (hakadarj) = ἀντίστροφος (antístrophos), հակակիր (hakakir) = ἀντιπαθής (antipathḗs), հակատրամատեմ (hakatramatem) = ἀντιδιαίρεσις (antidiaíresis), հակադրեմ (hakadrem) = ἀντιτίθημι (antitíthēmi).[1]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “հակ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “հակ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “հակ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 11–12
  2. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “հակ”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 439a
  3. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 792–793