שורש

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Hebrew[edit]

Root
שׁ־ר־שׁ(š-r-š)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *šurš-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

שורש / שֹׁרֶשׁ (šórešm (plural indefinite שורשים \ שָׁרָשִׁיםor שורשים \ שֳׁרָשִׁים‎, singular construct שורש / שֹׁרֶשׁ־) [pattern: קֹטֶל]

  1. (botany) root (of a plant)
  2. (by extension) root (i.e. source, basis)
  3. (by extension, linguistics) root (e.g., a triliteral root) of a Semitic word
  4. (by extension, mathematics) root (e.g., square root)

Verb[edit]

שורש / שֹׁרַשׁ (šoráš) (pu'al construction, active counterpart שירש \ שֵׁרֵשׁ‎)

  1. to be rooted out
    • Job 31:8, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      אֶזְרְעָה וְאַחֵר יֹאכֵל וְצֶאֱצָאַי יְשֹׁרָשׁוּ׃‎‎
      'ezr'á v'akhér yokhél v'tse'etsa'ái y'shoráshu.
      ʾezrəʿā wəʾaḥēr yōḵēl wəṣeʾĕṣāʾay yəšōrā́šū.
      Then let me sow, and let another eat; yea, let the produce of my field be rooted out.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Yiddish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hebrew שורש / שֹׁרֶשׁ‎.

Noun[edit]

שורש (shoyreshm, plural שורשים(shorashem)

  1. (linguistics) Semitic root

Synonyms[edit]