שורש

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Hebrew[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Root
שׁ־ר־שׁ

From the root שׁ־ר־שׁ ‎(sh-r-sh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

שורש \ שֹׁרֶשׁ ‎(shóreshm ‎(plural indefinite שורשים \ שָׁרָשִׁים or שורשים \ שֳׁרָשִׁים, singular construct שורש \ שֹׁרֶשׁ־) [pattern: קֹטֶל]

  1. (botany) root (of a plant)
  2. (by extension) root (i.e. source, basis)
  3. (by extension, linguistics) root (e.g., a triliteral root) of a Semitic word
  4. (by extension, mathematics) root (e.g., square root)

Verb[edit]

שורש \ שֹׁרַשׁ ‎(shorásh) ‎(pu'al construction, active counterpart שירש \ שֵׁרֵשׁ)

  1. to be rooted out
    • Job 31:8, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      אֶזְרְעָה וְאַחֵר יֹאכֵל וְצֶאֱצָאַי יְשֹׁרָשׁוּ׃
      'ezr'á v'akhér yokhél v'tse'etsa'ái y'shoráshu.
      ʾezrəʿā wəʾaḥēr yōḵēl wəṣeʾĕṣāʾay yəšōrā́šū.
      Then let me sow, and let another eat; yea, let the produce of my field be rooted out.

Verb[edit]

שׁוֹרֵשׁ ‎(shorésh) ‎(pi'el construction, passive counterpart שׁוֹרַשׁ)

  1. to take root
    • Isaiah 40:24, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      אַף בַּל־נִטָּעוּ אַף בַּל־זֹרָעוּ אַף בַּל־שֹׁרֵשׁ בָּאָרֶץ גִּזְעָם [] ׃
      'áf bal-nitá'u 'áf bal-zorá'u 'áf bal-shorésh ba'árets giz'ám [] .
      ʾap̄ bal-niṭṭā́ʿū ʾap̄ bal-zōrā́ʿū ʾap̄ bal-šōrēš bāʾā́reṣ gizʿām [] .
      Scarce are they planted, scarce are they sown, scarce hath their stock taken root in the earth; [] .

Verb[edit]

שׁוֹרַשׁ ‎(shorásh) ‎(pu'al construction, active counterpart שׁוֹרֵשׁ)

  1. to be take root, be made to take root
    • Jeremiah 12:2, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      נְטַעְתָּם גַּם־שֹׁרָשׁוּ יֵלְכוּ גַּם־עָשׂוּ פֶרִי [] ׃
      n'ta'tám gam-shoráshu yel'khú gam-'ásu féri [] .
      nəṭaʿtām gam-šōrā́šū yēləḵū gam-ʿā́śū p̄érī [] .
      Thou hast planted them, yea, they have taken root; they grow, yea, they bring forth fruit; [] .

Anagrams[edit]


Yiddish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hebrew שורש \ שֹׁרֶשׁ.

Noun[edit]

שורש ‎(shoyreshm, plural שורשים ‎(shorashem)

  1. (linguistics) Semitic root

Synonyms[edit]