أول

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See also: أؤلand اول

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Arabic numbers (edit)
10
١
1
2  →  10  → 
    Cardinal: وَاحِد(wāḥid)
    Ordinal: أَوَّل (ʾawwal)
    Multiplier: أُحَادِيّ(ʾuḥādiyy), مُفْرَد(mufrad), مُوَحَّد(muwaḥḥad)
    Distributive: أُحَادَ(ʾuḥāda), مَوْحَدَ(mawḥada), فُرَادَى(furādā), فُرَادَ(furāda)

From the root ء و ل(ʾ-w-l).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

أَوَّل (ʾawwal) (feminine أُولَى(ʾūlā), common plural أَوَائِل(ʾawāʾil), masculine plural أَوَّلُون(ʾawwalūn), feminine plural أُولَيَات(ʾūlayāt) or أُوَل (ʾuwal))

  1. first
    Antonym: آخِر(ʾāḵir)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

أَوَّل (ʾawwalm

  1. (obsolete) Sunday
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ء و ل(ʾ-w-l), causative to آلَ(ʾāla, to return), semantically like German zurückführen, and parallelling Arabic عَبَّرَ(ʿabbara, to get across).

Verb[edit]

أَوَّلَ (ʾawwala) II, non-past يُؤَوِّلُ‎‎ (yuʾawwilu)

  1. (obsolete) to lead back; to bid to return
  2. to interpret, to explain
    Synonym: تَأَوَّلَ(taʾawwala)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

أُولَ (ʾūla) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past passive jussive of وَلِيَ(waliya)

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

أُولِ (ʾūli) (form IV)

  1. first-person singular non-past active jussive of أَوْلَى(ʾawlā)

Verb[edit]

أُولَ (ʾūla) (form IV)

  1. first-person singular non-past passive jussive of أَوْلَى(ʾawlā)

Verb[edit]

أَوْلِ (ʾawli) (form IV)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of أَوْلَى(ʾawlā)

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Moroccan Arabic numbers (edit)
10
1 2  →  10  → 
    Cardinal: واحد
    Ordinal: أول

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic أَوَّل(ʾawwal).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

أول (ʔawwal) (feminine أولى(ʔūla) or أولة(ʔawwla), common plural أوائل(ʔawāʔil), masculine plural أولين(ʔawwlīn), feminine plural أولات(ʔawwlāt))

  1. first

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ء و ل
South Levantine Arabic numbers (edit)
10
١
1
2  →  10  → 
    Cardinal: واحد
    Ordinal: أول

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic أَوَّل(ʾawwal).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʔaw.wal/, [ˈʔaw.wal]
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

أول (ʔawwal) (feminine أولى(ʔūla), common plural أوائل(ʔawāʔel) or أولى(ʔuwala))

  1. first
    Antonym: آخر(ʔāḵer)
    كيف كان أوّل يوم مدرسة؟‎‎
    kīf kān ʔawwal yōm madrase
    How was the first day of school?
  2. (+ ما) as soon as

Usage notes[edit]

  • Ordinal numbers can function either as regular adjectives, following the noun (المرّة الأولى(il-marra l-ʔūla, the first time)), or as elative adjectives, initiating a definite phrase (أوّل مرّة(ʔawwal marra, the first time)); the latter is more versatile and is far more common.

Derived terms[edit]

  • أوّلا(ʔawwalan, firstly, first of all)

Noun[edit]

أول (ʔawwalm

  1. beginning, start
    Synonym: بداية(bidāye)
    Antonyms: آخر(ʔāḵer), نهاية(nihāye)