أول

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See also: أؤل and اول

Arabic

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Etymology 1

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Arabic numbers (edit)
10
 ←  0 ١
1
2  →  10  → 
    Cardinal: وَاحِد (wāḥid)
    Ordinal: أَوَّل (ʔawwal)
    Multiplier: أُحَادِيّ (ʔuḥādiyy), مُفْرَد (mufrad), مُوَحَّد (muwaḥḥad)
    Distributive: أُحَادَ (ʔuḥāda), مَوْحَدَ (mawḥada), فُرَادَى (furādā), فُرَادَ (furāda)

Root
ء و ل (ʔ w l)
10 terms

Pronunciation

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  • Adjective:(file)

Adjective

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أَوَّل (ʔawwal) (feminine أُولَى (ʔūlā), common plural أَوَائِل (ʔawāʔil), masculine plural أَوَّلُون (ʔawwalūn), feminine plural أُولَيَات (ʔūlayāt) or أُوَل (ʔuwal))

  1. first
    Antonym: آخِر (ʔāḵir)
Declension
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Derived terms
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Descendants
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Etymology 2

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From Proto-Semitic *ʔil-, otherwise أَيْل (ʔayl), إِيل (ʔīl), إِلّ (ʔill), the most important god in the paganic pantheon—equivalent to the Sun, after which in the Western world the Sunday is named, in others. Origin from “first” above is unlikely since all other pagan weekday names are named after planets and thus indirectly gods and the other Semitic languages there employ *ʔaḥad-, which would have been retained. Lastly the Banu Bakr and Taghlib tribes actually worshiped a deity called أَوَال (ʔawāl) or أُوَال (ʔuwāl).

Proper noun

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أَوْل or أَوَّل (ʔawl or ʔawwalm

  1. (obsolete) Sunday
Declension
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See also
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References

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  • Fischer, August (1896) “Die altarabischen Namen der sieben Wochentage”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft[1] (in German), volume 50, page 224
  • Hommel, Fritz (1893) Süd-Arabische Chrestomathie. Minäo-sabäische Grammatik. – Bibliographie. – Minäische Inschriften nebst Glossar[2] (in German), München: G. Franz’sche Hofbuchhandlung, page 57
  • Rotter, Gernot (1993) “Der dies veneris im vorislamischen Mekka, eine neue Deutung des Namens „Europa“ und eine Erklärung für kobar = Venus”, in Der Islam[3] (in German), volume 70, number 1, →DOI, pages 116–118
  • Wellhausen, Julius (1897) Reste arabischen Heidentumes[4] (in German), Berlin: Georg Reimer, page 64
  • Yāqūt al-Ḥamawīy (a. 1229) Ferdinand Wüstenfeld, editor, كتاب معجم البلدان [kitāb muʿjam al-buldān][5] (in Arabic), volume 1, Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus, published 1866, page 395

Etymology 3

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Root
ء و ل (ʔ w l)
10 terms

Causative to آلَ (ʔāla, to return), semantically like German zurückführen, and parallelling Arabic عَبَّرَ (ʕabbara, to get across).

Verb

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أَوَّلَ (ʔawwala) II, non-past يُؤَوِّلُ‎ (yuʔawwilu)

  1. (obsolete) to lead back; to bid to return
  2. to interpret, to explain
    Synonym: تَأَوَّلَ (taʔawwala)
Conjugation
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Etymology 4

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Verb

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أُولَ (ʔūla) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past passive jussive of وَلِيَ (waliya)

Etymology 5

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Verb

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أُولِ (ʔūli) (form IV)

  1. first-person singular non-past active jussive of أَوْلَى (ʔawlā)

Verb

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أُولَ (ʔūla) (form IV)

  1. first-person singular non-past passive jussive of أَوْلَى (ʔawlā)

Verb

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أَوْلِ (ʔawli) (form IV)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of أَوْلَى (ʔawlā)

Egyptian Arabic

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Egyptian Arabic numbers (edit)
10
1 2  →  10  → 
    Cardinal: واحد
    Ordinal: أول

Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Arabic أَوَّل (ʔawwal).

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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أول (ʔawwil) (feminine أولى (ʔūla), masculine plural أوائل (ʔawāʔil))

  1. first
    Synonym: أولانى

Moroccan Arabic

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Moroccan Arabic numbers (edit)
10
1 2  → [a], [b], [c] 10  → 
    Cardinal: واحد
    Ordinal: أول

Etymology

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From Arabic أَوَّل (ʔawwal).

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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أول (ʔawwal) (feminine أولى (ʔūla) or أولة (ʔawwla), common plural أوائل (ʔawāʔil), masculine plural أولين (ʔawwlīn), feminine plural أولات (ʔawwlāt))

  1. first

South Levantine Arabic

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Root
ء و ل
3 terms
South Levantine Arabic numbers (edit)
10
١
1
2  →  10  → 
    Cardinal: واحد
    Ordinal: أول

Etymology

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From Arabic أَوَّل (ʔawwal).

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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أول (ʔawwal) (feminine أولى (ʔūla), common plural أوائل (ʔawāʔel) or أولى (ʔuwala))

  1. first
    Antonym: آخر (ʔāḵer)
    كيف كان أوّل يوم مدرسة؟
    kīf kān ʔawwal yōm madrase
    How was the first day of school?
  2. (+ ما) as soon as

Usage notes

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  • Ordinal numbers can function either as regular adjectives, following the noun (المرّة الأولى (il-marra l-ʔūla, the first time)), or as elative adjectives, initiating a definite phrase (أوّل مرّة (ʔawwal marra, the first time)); the latter is more versatile and is far more common.

Derived terms

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  • أوّلا (ʔawwalan, firstly, first of all)

Noun

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أول (ʔawwalm

  1. beginning, start
    Synonym: بداية (bidāye)
    Antonyms: آخر (ʔāḵer), نهاية (nihāye)