بارود

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Not a Classical Arabic word. Possible etymologies:

  • From بَرُود (barūd, a soothing collyrium (kuhl) used for inflammation of the eye; any powdery collyrium). The sound change a > ā has also been found in the words غَاسُول (ḡāsūl) and فَاسُوخ (fāsūḵ) in Maghrebi Arabic; see Colin (page 1057a) for more discussion.
  • Via Aramaic from Armenian վառօդ (vaṙōd, gunpowder), but according to Ačaṙyan the latter is a reshaping of բարութ (barutʿ) by popular etymology as վառ (vaṙ, burning) + օդ (ōd, air) and its earliest attestation is in the 18th century.

Noun[edit]

بَارُود (bārūdm

  1. saltpetre
  2. gunpowder

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • G. S. Colin, "Bārūd", Encyclopaedia of Islam, vol. 1, A-B, Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1986, →ISBN, pages 1055–1057
  • Budagov, Lazarʹ (1869) Sravnitelʹnyj slovarʹ turecko-tatarskix narěčij [Comparative Dictionary of Turko-Tatar Dialects] (in Russian), volume I, Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 224a
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “բարութ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 428b

Persian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

بارود (bârud)

  1. (archaic) Alternative form of باروت

Urdu[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic بَارُود (bārūd).

Noun[edit]

بارود (bārūdf (Hindi spelling बारूद)

  1. gunpowder