شناختن

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Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian𐭱𐭭𐭠𐭧𐭲𐭭(šnāxtan, to recognize, to know), from Old Persian 𐎧𐏁𐎴𐎠𐎿𐎠𐏃𐎹 (xšnāsāhiy), from Proto-Iranian *jnaHŝáti, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́naHsćáti, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵn̥h₃sḱéti.[1]

Related to ⁧دانستن(dânestan, know), Northern Kurdish zanîn, Avestan𐬰𐬀𐬥𐬄𐬥(zanąn, to recognize), Baluchiزانگ(zánag), English know.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? šināxtan
Dari reading? šināxtan
Iranian reading? šenâxtan
Tajik reading? šinoxtan

Verb[edit]

Dari شناختن
Iranian Persian
Tajik шинохтан

شِناخْتَن (šenâxtan) (present stemشناس(šenâs))[2][3]

  1. to know, to be acquainted with
    پدرتون رو از بچگی می‌شناسم.
    Pedáretun-o az baččegí mí-šenâsam.
    I've known your father since childhood.
  2. to acknowledge
  3. to discern, to distinguish
  4. to inform, to make known, to define, to describe
  5. to recognize
    فکر می‌کنم آن مرد را می‌شناسم.
    Fekr mi-konam ân mard râ mi-šenâsam.
    فکر می‌کنم اون مرد و می‌شناسم.
    Fekr mi-konam un mard o mi-šnâsam.
    I think I recognize that man.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Similar to many European languages, Persian has two verbs used for knowing something and knowing someone. Compare German kennen and wissen; French savoir and connaître; Spanish saber and conocer.
  • دانستن(dânestan) is used for having knowledge about places or things; but ⁧شناختن(šenâxtan) is used for recognizing and knowing people.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 467
  2. ^ Steingass, Francis Joseph (1892), “شناختن”, in A Comprehensive Persian–English dictionary, London: Routledge & K. Paul
  3. ^ Dehkhoda, Ali-Akbar (1931–), “شناختن”, in Dehkhoda Dictionary Institute, editors, Dehkhoda Dictionary (in Persian), Tehran: University of Tehran Press