شهادة

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Verbal noun of شَهِدَ(šahida, to witness), from the root ش ه د(š-h-d).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَهَادَة (šahādaf (dual شَهَادَتَانِ(šahādatāni), plural شَهَادَات(šahādāt))

Examples (the shahada)

أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا اللّٰهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللّٰهِ (ʾašhadu ʾan lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāhu waʾanna muḥammadan rasūlu llāhi)

  1. verbal noun of شَهِدَ(šahida) (form I)
  2. (law) testimony, witness
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 24:4:
      وَٱلَّذِينَ يَرْمُونَ ٱلْمُحْصَنَاتِ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَأْتُوا بِأَرْبَعَةِ شُهَدَاءَ فَٱجْلِدُوهُمْ ثَمَانِينَ جَلْدَةً وَلَا تَقْبَلُوا لَهُمْ شَهَادَةً أَبَدًا وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ ٱلْفَاسِقُونَ
      wallaḏīna yarmūna l-muḥṣanāti ṯumma lam yaʾtū biʾarbaʿati šuhadāʾa fajlidūhum ṯamānīna jaldatan walā taqbalū lahum šahādatan ʾabadan waʾūlāʾika humu l-fāsiqūna
      As for those who accuse chaste women and do not bring four witnesses, strike them eighty lashes, and never accept any testimony from them after that, and they are transgressors.
  3. statement
  4. certificate, certification, testimonial, affidavit
  5. diploma
  6. attestation, attest
  7. credentials, identification
  8. creed; credo
  9. (Islam) shahada: the basic Islamic creed, or one of its two parts, i.e. faith in one God and in Muhammad as his prophet; collectively also called الشَّهادَتان(aš-šahādatān)
  10. martyrdom

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Maltese: xhieda

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]