شهادة

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Verbal noun of شَهِدَ(šahida, to witness), from the root ش ه د(š-h-d).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَهَادَة (šahādaf (dual شَهَادَتَانِ(šahādatāni), plural شَهَادَات(šahādāt))

Examples (the shahada)

أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا اللّٰهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللّٰهِ (ʾašhadu ʾan lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāhu waʾanna muḥammadan rasūlu llāhi)

  1. verbal noun of شَهِدَ(šahida) (form I)
  2. (law) testimony, witness
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 24:4:
      وَٱلَّذِينَ يَرْمُونَ ٱلْمُحْصَنَاتِ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَأْتُوا بِأَرْبَعَةِ شُهَدَاءَ فَٱجْلِدُوهُمْ ثَمَانِينَ جَلْدَةً وَلَا تَقْبَلُوا لَهُمْ شَهَادَةً أَبَدًا وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ ٱلْفَاسِقُونَ
      wallaḏīna yarmūna l-muḥṣanāti ṯumma lam yaʾtū biʾarbaʿati šuhadāʾa fajlidūhum ṯamānīna jaldatan walā taqbalū lahum šahādatan ʾabadan waʾūlāʾika humu l-fāsiqūna
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  3. statement
  4. certificate, certification, testimonial, affidavit
  5. diploma
  6. attestation, attest
  7. credentials, identification
  8. creed; credo
  9. (Islam) shahada: the basic Islamic creed, or one of its two parts, i.e. faith in one God and in Muhammad as his prophet; collectively also called الشَّهادَتان(aš-šahādatān)
  10. martyrdom

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Maltese: xhieda

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]