غني

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See also: عنى‎, عني‎, غنى, and غنی

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root غ ن ي(ḡ-n-y).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

غَنِيّ (ḡaniyy) (feminine غَنِيَّة(ḡaniyya), masculine plural غَنِيُّونَ(ḡaniyyūna) or أَغْنِيَاء(ʾaḡniyāʾ), feminine plural غَنِيَّات(ḡaniyyāt), elative أَغْنَى(ʾaḡnā))

  1. rich, wealthy
    Antonym: فَقِير(faqīr)
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 2:273:
      لِلْفُقَرَاءِ ٱلَّذِينَ أُحْصِرُوا فِي سَبِيلِ ٱللّٰهِ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ ضَرْبًا فِي ٱلْأَرْضِ يَحْسَبُهُمُ ٱلْجَاهِلُ أَغْنِيَاءَ مِنَ ٱلتَّعَفُّفِ تَعْرِفُهُم بِسِيمَاهُمْ لَا يَسْأَلُونَ ٱلنَّاسَ إِلْحَافًا وَمَا تُنْفِقُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَإِنَّ ٱللّٰهَ بِهِ عَلِيمٌ
      li-l-fuqarāʾi llaḏīna ʾuḥṣirū fī sabīli llāhi lā yastaṭīʿūna ḍarban fī l-ʾarḍi yaḥsabuhumu l-jāhilu ʾaḡniyāʾa mina t-taʿaffufi taʿrifuhum bi-sīmāhum lā yasʾalūna n-nāsa ʾilḥāfan wa-mā tunfiqū min ḵayrin fa-ʾinna llāha bihi ʿalīmun
      [Charity is] for the poor who have been restricted for the cause of God, unable to move about in the land. An ignorant one would think them self-sufficient because of their restraint, but you will know them by their sign. They do not ask people persistently. And whatever you spend of good: indeed, God is Knowing of it.
  2. in no need [+ عَن(object) = of]
    • (Can we date this quote?), أَبُو حَيَّان الْأَنْدَلُسِيّ (ʾabū ḥayyān al-ʾandalusiyy), البحر المحيط في التفسير:
      وَكَذَلِكَ ﴿لِنُحْيِيَ بِهِ بَلْدَةً مَيْتًا﴾ يُرِيدُ بَعْضَ بِلَادِ هَؤُلَاءِ الْمُتَبَاعِدِينَ عَنْ مَظَانِّ الْمَاءِ بِخِلَافِ سُكَّانِ الْمُدُنِ فَإِنَّهُمْ قَرِيبُونَ مِنَ الْأَوْدِيَةِ وَالْأَنْهَارِ وَالْعُيُونِ فَهُمْ غَنِيُّونَ غَالِبًا عَنْ سَقْيِ مَاءِ الْمَطَرِ []
      wakaḏalika ﴾linuḥyiya bihi baldatan maytan﴿ yurīdu baʿḍa bilādi haʾulāʾi l-mutabāʿidīna ʿan maẓānni l-māʾi biḵilāfi sukkāni l-muduni faʾinnahum qarībūna mina l-ʾawdiyati wālʾanhāri wālʿuyūni fahum ḡaniyyūna ḡāliban ʿan saqyi māʾi l-maṭari []
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Persian: غنی(ğani)

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “غني”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

غَنِّي (ḡannī) (form II)

  1. second-person feminine singular active imperative of غَنَّى(ḡannā)

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

غُنِّيَ (ḡunniya) (form II)

  1. third-person masculine singular past passive of غَنَّى(ḡannā)