وجب

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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Form I verb from the root و ج ب (w-j-b).

Verb[edit]

وَجَبَ (wajaba) I, non-past يَجِبُ‎ (yajibu)

  1. (impersonal) to be necessary, have to be; must: followed by عَلَى (ʿalā, on) or by أَنْ (ʾan) and the subjunctive with a personal subject
    كَمَا يَجِبُ
    kamā yajibu
    as it should be, as it must be
    يَجِبُ أَن أَذْهَبَ‎ ― yajibu ʾan ʾaḏhabaIt is necessary for me to go; I must go
  2. to be one's duty; to be incumbent, imposed, enjoined: followed by عَلَى (ʿalā, on)
    وَجَبَ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ ...‏
    wajaba ʿalayhi ʾan ...
    it is his duty to, he has to, he must
Usage notes[edit]

In the first sense, وَجَبَ (wajaba) is impersonal: it does not take a personal subject. The person for whom someone is necessary is given as the object of عَلَى (ʿalā, on) or as the subject of the verb in the clause introduced by the subjunctive particle أَنْ (ʾan).

Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Causative Form II verb from the root و ج ب (w-j-b); compare وَجَبَ (wajaba, to be necessary).

Verb[edit]

وَجَّبَ (wajjaba) II, non-past يُوَجِّبُ‎ (yuwajjibu)

  1. (transitive, construed with عَلَى (ʿalā)) to impose (something) on
Conjugation[edit]
References[edit]
  • وجب” in John Mace (2007), Arabic Verbs, New York: Hippocrene Books, Inc., ISBN 0-7818-1229-1