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Classical Syriac[edit]


From the root ܒ-ܚ-ܪ(b-ḥ-r), related to examining; compare Arabic بُحْرَان(buḥrān).


  • (Classical Syriac) IPA(key): [buħˈrɑ.nɑ]
  • (Eastern Syriac) IPA(key): [buxˈrɑ.nɑ]
  • (Western Syriac) IPA(key): [buħˈro.no]


ܒܘܚܪܢܐ (būḥrānām (plural ܒܘܚܪܢܐ (būḥrānē))

  1. test, trial, proving, visitation
  2. attack, turning point, decisive moment
  3. (medicine) crisis
  4. torture, affliction
  5. crucible



  • bwḥrn”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2019-05-10
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary : قاموس سرياني-عربي, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, page 27b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 37b
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, page 125a-b