कक्षा

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit कक्षा (kakṣā). The sense "class, course" didn't exist in Sanskrit and is a calque of English class, which means both "category" and "course, a group of students studying together".

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /kək.ʂɑː/, [kək.ʃäː]

Noun[edit]

कक्षा (kakṣāf (rare, formal)

  1. category (a group, often named or numbered, to which items are assigned based on similarity or defined criteria)
  2. (neologism) class, course
  3. (physics) orbit
    पृथ्वी सूर्य की कक्षा में है।
    pŕthvī sūrya kī kakṣā mẽ hai.
    The Earth is in orbit around the Sun.

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from a feminine form of कक्ष (kákṣa, armpit, room). The sense "class, course" is a neologism formed with influence from Hindi कक्षा (kakṣā).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

कक्षा (kakṣāf

  1. any place surrounded by walls (as a courtyard)
  2. balance
  3. circumference
  4. emulation
  5. equality
  6. orbit of a planet
  7. painful boils in the armpit
  8. periphery
  9. private chamber or room in general
  10. resemblance
  11. rivalry
  12. secluded portion of a building
  13. similarity
  14. surrounding wall
  15. wall
  16. (neologism) class, course

Declension[edit]

Feminine ā-stem declension of कक्षा (kakṣā)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative कक्षा
kakṣā
कक्षे
kakṣe
कक्षाः
kakṣāḥ
Vocative कक्षे
kakṣe
कक्षे
kakṣe
कक्षाः
kakṣāḥ
Accusative कक्षाम्
kakṣām
कक्षे
kakṣe
कक्षाः
kakṣāḥ
Instrumental कक्षया / कक्षा¹
kakṣayā / kakṣā¹
कक्षाभ्याम्
kakṣābhyām
कक्षाभिः
kakṣābhiḥ
Dative कक्षायै
kakṣāyai
कक्षाभ्याम्
kakṣābhyām
कक्षाभ्यः
kakṣābhyaḥ
Ablative कक्षायाः
kakṣāyāḥ
कक्षाभ्याम्
kakṣābhyām
कक्षाभ्यः
kakṣābhyaḥ
Genitive कक्षायाः
kakṣāyāḥ
कक्षयोः
kakṣayoḥ
कक्षाणाम्
kakṣāṇām
Locative कक्षायाम्
kakṣāyām
कक्षयोः
kakṣayoḥ
कक्षासु
kakṣāsu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

References[edit]

  • Hellwig, Oliver, “kakṣā”, in DCS - The Digital Corpus of Sanskrit, Berlin, Germany, 2010-2021.