निर्वाण

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit निर्वाण (nirvāṇa, blown or put out, extinguished).

Adjective[edit]

निर्वाण (nirvāṇ) (indeclinable)

  1. extinguished, blown out

Noun[edit]

निर्वाण (nirvāṇm

  1. (Buddhism) nirvana

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From निस् (nis, out) + वान (vāna, blown), past participle of वा (√vā, to blow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

निर्वाण (nirvāṇan (Classical Sanskrit)

  1. blowing out, extinction, cessation, setting, vanishing, disappearance
    निर्वाणं कृnirvāṇaṃ √kṛto blow out, extinguish
  2. (Hinduism) extinction of the flame of life, dissolution, death or final emancipation from matter and re-union with the Supreme Spirit
  3. (Buddhism, Jainism) absolute extinction or annihilation (= शून्य (śūnya)) of individual existence or of all desires and passions
  4. (figuratively) perfect calm or repose or happiness, highest bliss or beatitude

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of निर्वाण (nirvāṇa)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative निर्वाणम्
nirvāṇam
निर्वाणे
nirvāṇe
निर्वाणानि / निर्वाणा¹
nirvāṇāni / nirvāṇā¹
Vocative निर्वाण
nirvāṇa
निर्वाणे
nirvāṇe
निर्वाणानि / निर्वाणा¹
nirvāṇāni / nirvāṇā¹
Accusative निर्वाणम्
nirvāṇam
निर्वाणे
nirvāṇe
निर्वाणानि / निर्वाणा¹
nirvāṇāni / nirvāṇā¹
Instrumental निर्वाणेन
nirvāṇena
निर्वाणाभ्याम्
nirvāṇābhyām
निर्वाणैः / निर्वाणेभिः¹
nirvāṇaiḥ / nirvāṇebhiḥ¹
Dative निर्वाणाय
nirvāṇāya
निर्वाणाभ्याम्
nirvāṇābhyām
निर्वाणेभ्यः
nirvāṇebhyaḥ
Ablative निर्वाणात्
nirvāṇāt
निर्वाणाभ्याम्
nirvāṇābhyām
निर्वाणेभ्यः
nirvāṇebhyaḥ
Genitive निर्वाणस्य
nirvāṇasya
निर्वाणयोः
nirvāṇayoḥ
निर्वाणानाम्
nirvāṇānām
Locative निर्वाणे
nirvāṇe
निर्वाणयोः
nirvāṇayoḥ
निर्वाणेषु
nirvāṇeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

Adjective[edit]

निर्वाण (nirvāṇa)

  1. blown or put out, extinguished (as a lamp or fire), set (as the sun), calmed, quieted, tamed, dead, deceased (lit. having the fire of life extinguished), lost, disappeared
  2. immersed, plunged
  3. immovable

References[edit]

  • Collins, Steven (2010) Nirvana: Concept, Imagery, Narrative. Cambridge University Press, pages 63-64.
  • Monier Williams (1899), “निर्वाण”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 0557.