वायु

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit वायु(vāyu), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hwāyu, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂weh₁yu-(wind, air), ultimately from *h₂weh₁-(to blow).

Noun[edit]

वायु ‎(vāyuf ‎(Urdu spelling وایو)

  1. air

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From root √vai.

Adjective[edit]

वायु ‎(vāyú)

  1. tired, languid
Declension[edit]
Masculine u-stem declension of वायु
Nom. sg. वायुः(vāyuḥ)
Gen. sg. वायोः(vāyoḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative वायुः(vāyuḥ) वायू(vāyū) वायवः(vāyavaḥ)
Vocative वायो(vāyo) वायू(vāyū) वायवः(vāyavaḥ)
Accusative वायुम्(vāyum) वायू(vāyū) वायून्(vāyūn)
Instrumental वायुना(vāyunā) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभिः(vāyubhiḥ)
Dative वायवे(vāyave) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभ्यः(vāyubhyaḥ)
Ablative वायोः(vāyoḥ) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभ्यः(vāyubhyaḥ)
Genitive वायोः(vāyoḥ) वाय्वोः(vāyvoḥ) वायूनाम्(vāyūnām)
Locative वायौ(vāyau) वाय्वोः(vāyvoḥ) वायुषु(vāyuṣu)
Feminine u-stem declension of वायु
Nom. sg. वायुः(vāyuḥ)
Gen. sg. वायधेन्वाः / वायोः(vāyadhenvāḥ / vāyoḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative वायुः(vāyuḥ) वायू(vāyū) वायवः(vāyavaḥ)
Vocative वायो(vāyo) वायू(vāyū) वायवः(vāyavaḥ)
Accusative वायुम्(vāyum) वायू(vāyū) वायूः(vāyūḥ)
Instrumental वाय्वा(vāyvā) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभिः(vāyubhiḥ)
Dative वाय्वै / वायवे(vāyvai / vāyave) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभ्यः(vāyubhyaḥ)
Ablative वायधेन्वाः / वायोः(vāyadhenvāḥ / vāyoḥ) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभ्यः(vāyubhyaḥ)
Genitive वायधेन्वाः / वायोः(vāyadhenvāḥ / vāyoḥ) वाय्वोः(vāyvoḥ) वायूनाम्(vāyūnām)
Locative वाय्वाम् / वायौ(vāyvām / vāyau) वाय्वोः(vāyvoḥ) वायुषु(vāyuṣu)
Neuter u-stem declension of वायु
Nom. sg. वायु(vāyu)
Gen. sg. वायुनः(vāyunaḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative वायु(vāyu) वायुनी(vāyunī) वायूनि(vāyūni)
Vocative वायु(vāyu) वायुनी(vāyunī) वायूनि(vāyūni)
Accusative वायु(vāyu) वायुनी(vāyunī) वायूनि(vāyūni)
Instrumental वायुना(vāyunā) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभिः(vāyubhiḥ)
Dative वायुने(vāyune) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभ्यः(vāyubhyaḥ)
Ablative वायुनः(vāyunaḥ) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभ्यः(vāyubhyaḥ)
Genitive वायुनः(vāyunaḥ) वायुनोः(vāyunoḥ) वायूनाम्(vāyūnām)
Locative वायुनि(vāyuni) वायुनोः(vāyunoḥ) वायुषु(vāyuṣu)

Etymology 2[edit]

From root √vī.

Adjective[edit]

वायु ‎(vāyú)

  1. desirous, covetous, greedy (for food, applied to calves)
  2. desirable, desired by the appetite
Declension[edit]
Masculine u-stem declension of वायु
Nom. sg. वायुः(vāyuḥ)
Gen. sg. वायोः(vāyoḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative वायुः(vāyuḥ) वायू(vāyū) वायवः(vāyavaḥ)
Vocative वायो(vāyo) वायू(vāyū) वायवः(vāyavaḥ)
Accusative वायुम्(vāyum) वायू(vāyū) वायून्(vāyūn)
Instrumental वायुना(vāyunā) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभिः(vāyubhiḥ)
Dative वायवे(vāyave) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभ्यः(vāyubhyaḥ)
Ablative वायोः(vāyoḥ) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभ्यः(vāyubhyaḥ)
Genitive वायोः(vāyoḥ) वाय्वोः(vāyvoḥ) वायूनाम्(vāyūnām)
Locative वायौ(vāyau) वाय्वोः(vāyvoḥ) वायुषु(vāyuṣu)
Feminine u-stem declension of वायु
Nom. sg. वायुः(vāyuḥ)
Gen. sg. वायधेन्वाः / वायोः(vāyadhenvāḥ / vāyoḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative वायुः(vāyuḥ) वायू(vāyū) वायवः(vāyavaḥ)
Vocative वायो(vāyo) वायू(vāyū) वायवः(vāyavaḥ)
Accusative वायुम्(vāyum) वायू(vāyū) वायूः(vāyūḥ)
Instrumental वाय्वा(vāyvā) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभिः(vāyubhiḥ)
Dative वाय्वै / वायवे(vāyvai / vāyave) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभ्यः(vāyubhyaḥ)
Ablative वायधेन्वाः / वायोः(vāyadhenvāḥ / vāyoḥ) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभ्यः(vāyubhyaḥ)
Genitive वायधेन्वाः / वायोः(vāyadhenvāḥ / vāyoḥ) वाय्वोः(vāyvoḥ) वायूनाम्(vāyūnām)
Locative वाय्वाम् / वायौ(vāyvām / vāyau) वाय्वोः(vāyvoḥ) वायुषु(vāyuṣu)
Neuter u-stem declension of वायु
Nom. sg. वायु(vāyu)
Gen. sg. वायुनः(vāyunaḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative वायु(vāyu) वायुनी(vāyunī) वायूनि(vāyūni)
Vocative वायु(vāyu) वायुनी(vāyunī) वायूनि(vāyūni)
Accusative वायु(vāyu) वायुनी(vāyunī) वायूनि(vāyūni)
Instrumental वायुना(vāyunā) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभिः(vāyubhiḥ)
Dative वायुने(vāyune) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभ्यः(vāyubhyaḥ)
Ablative वायुनः(vāyunaḥ) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभ्यः(vāyubhyaḥ)
Genitive वायुनः(vāyunaḥ) वायुनोः(vāyunoḥ) वायूनाम्(vāyūnām)
Locative वायुनि(vāyuni) वायुनोः(vāyunoḥ) वायुषु(vāyuṣu)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hwāyúš, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂weh₁yu-(wind, air), ultimately from *h₂weh₁-(to blow). Cognates include Lithuanian vejas and Avestan 𐬬𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬎(vaiiu).

Noun[edit]

वायु ‎(vāyúm

  1. wind
    • RV 6.45.32a
      यस्य वायोरिव दरवद भद्रा रातिः सहस्रिणी |
      सद्यो दानाय मंहते ||
      yasya vāyoriva dravad bhadrā rātiḥ sahasriṇī |
      sadyo dānāya maṃhate ||
      He whose good bounty, thousandfold, swift as the rushing of the wind,
      Suddenly offers as a gift.
  2. air (as one of the 5 elements)
  3. the god of the wind: Vayu
    • RV 7.91.3c
      पीवोन्नान रयिव्र्धः सुमेधाः शवेतः सिषक्ति नियुतामभिश्रीः |
      ते वायवे समनसो वि तस्थुर्विश्वेन नरः सवपत्यानि चक्रुः ||
      pīvoannān rayivṛdhaḥ sumedhāḥ śvetaḥ siṣakti niyutāmabhiśrīḥ |
      te vāyave samanaso vi tasthurviśven naraḥ svapatyāni cakruḥ ||
      Wise, bright, arranger of his teams, he. seeketh men with rich food whose treasures are abundant.
      They have arranged them of one mind with Vāyu: the men have wrought all noble operations.
  4. breathing, breath
  5. the wind of the body, a vital air
  6. (medicine) the windy humour or any morbid affection of it
  7. the wind as a kind of demon producing madness
  8. (astronomy) name of the fourth muhurta
  9. a mystical name of the letter ya
  10. name of Vasu
  11. name of Daitya
  12. name of a Marut
  13. (in the plural) the Maruts
Declension[edit]
Masculine u-stem declension of वायु
Nom. sg. वायुः(vāyuḥ)
Gen. sg. वायोः(vāyoḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative वायुः(vāyuḥ) वायू(vāyū) वायवः(vāyavaḥ)
Vocative वायो(vāyo) वायू(vāyū) वायवः(vāyavaḥ)
Accusative वायुम्(vāyum) वायू(vāyū) वायून्(vāyūn)
Instrumental वायुना(vāyunā) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभिः(vāyubhiḥ)
Dative वायवे(vāyave) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभ्यः(vāyubhyaḥ)
Ablative वायोः(vāyoḥ) वायुभ्याम्(vāyubhyām) वायुभ्यः(vāyubhyaḥ)
Genitive वायोः(vāyoḥ) वाय्वोः(vāyvoḥ) वायूनाम्(vāyūnām)
Locative वायौ(vāyau) वाय्वोः(vāyvoḥ) वायुषु(vāyuṣu)

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0942
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 277
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 752
  • Carl Capeller, A Sanskrit-English dictionary, based upon the St. Petersburg lexicons, London: Luzac & Co., 1891, page 485