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From Sanskrit वायु ‎(vāyu), Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂weh₁yu- ‎(wind, air), ultimately from *h₂weh₁- ‎(to blow).


वायु ‎(vāyuf ‎(Urdu spelling وایو)

  1. air


Etymology 1[edit]

From root √vai.


वायु ‎(vāyú)

  1. tired, languid

Etymology 2[edit]

From root √vī.


वायु ‎(vāyú)

  1. desirous, covetous, greedy (for food, applied to calves)
  2. desirable, desired by the appetite

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂weh₁yu- ‎(wind, air), ultimately from *h₂weh₁- ‎(to blow). Cognates include Lithuanian vejas and Avestan 𐬬𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬎 ‎(vaiiu).


वायु ‎(vāyúm

  1. wind
    • RV 6.45.32a
      यस्य वायोरिव दरवद भद्रा रातिः सहस्रिणी |
      सद्यो दानाय मंहते ||
      yasya vāyoriva dravad bhadrā rātiḥ sahasriṇī |
      sadyo dānāya maṃhate ||
      He whose good bounty, thousandfold, swift as the rushing of the wind,
      Suddenly offers as a gift.
  2. air (as one of the 5 elements)
  3. the god of the wind: Vayu
    • RV 7.91.3c
      पीवोन्नान रयिव्र्धः सुमेधाः शवेतः सिषक्ति नियुतामभिश्रीः |
      ते वायवे समनसो वि तस्थुर्विश्वेन नरः सवपत्यानि चक्रुः ||
      pīvoannān rayivṛdhaḥ sumedhāḥ śvetaḥ siṣakti niyutāmabhiśrīḥ |
      te vāyave samanaso vi tasthurviśven naraḥ svapatyāni cakruḥ ||
      Wise, bright, arranger of his teams, he. seeketh men with rich food whose treasures are abundant.
      They have arranged them of one mind with Vāyu: the men have wrought all noble operations.
  4. breathing, breath
  5. the wind of the body, a vital air
  6. (medicine) the windy humour or any morbid affection of it
  7. the wind as a kind of demon producing madness
  8. (astronomy) name of the fourth muhurta
  9. a mystical name of the letter ya
  10. name of Vasu
  11. name of Daitya
  12. name of a Marut
  13. (in the plural) the Maruts

See also[edit]



  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0942
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 277
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 752
  • Carl Capeller, A Sanskrit-English dictionary, based upon the St. Petersburg lexicons, London: Luzac & Co., 1891, page 485