शश

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *ĉasás (hare), Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₂s- (grey, hare). Cognate with English hare, Old Prussian sasnis (hare), Pashto سوی (soe, hare), Welsh ceinach (hare, rabbit) and Latin cānus (white).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

शश (śaśám

  1. hare, rabbit (the markings on the moon are supposed to resemble a hare or rabbit)
  2. antelope
  3. a kind of meteor
  4. name of a man born under a particular constellation
  5. a man of mild character and easily led (one of the four classes into which men are divided by erotic writers, the other three being अश्व (aśva), मृग (mṛga) and वृषन् (vṛṣan))
  6. the लोध्र (lodhra) tree, Symplocos racemosa
  7. gum-myrrh
  8. name of a part of जम्बुद्वीप (Jambu-dvīpa)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of शश
Nom. sg. शशः (śaśaḥ)
Gen. sg. शशस्य (śaśasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शशः (śaśaḥ) शशौ (śaśau) शशाः (śaśāḥ)
Vocative शश (śaśa) शशौ (śaśau) शशाः (śaśāḥ)
Accusative शशम् (śaśam) शशौ (śaśau) शशान् (śaśān)
Instrumental शशेन (śaśena) शशाभ्याम् (śaśābhyām) शशैः (śaśaiḥ)
Dative शशाय (śaśāya) शशाभ्याम् (śaśābhyām) शशेभ्यः (śaśebhyaḥ)
Ablative शशात् (śaśāt) शशाभ्याम् (śaśābhyām) शशेभ्यः (śaśebhyaḥ)
Genitive शशस्य (śaśasya) शशयोः (śaśayoḥ) शशानाम् (śaśānām)
Locative शशे (śaśe) शशयोः (śaśayoḥ) शशेषु (śaśeṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1060/1