शश

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *ĉasás (hare), Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₂s- (grey, hare). Cognate with English hare, Old Prussian sasnis (hare), Pashto سوی (soe, hare), Welsh ceinach (hare, rabbit) and Latin cānus (white).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɕɐ.ɕɐ́/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɕɐ.ɕɐ/
  • Noun[edit]

    शश (śaśám

    1. hare, rabbit
    2. antelope
    3. a kind of meteor
    4. name of a man born under a particular constellation
    5. a man of mild character and easily led (one of the four classes into which men are divided by erotic writers, the other three being अश्व (aśva), मृग (mṛga) and वृषन् (vṛṣan))
    6. the लोध्र (lodhra) tree, Symplocos racemosa
    7. gum-myrrh
    8. name of a part of जम्बुद्वीप (Jambu-dvīpa)

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine a-stem declension of शश (śaśá)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative शशः
    śaśáḥ
    शशौ
    śaśaú
    शशाः / शशासः¹
    śaśā́ḥ / śaśā́saḥ¹
    Vocative शश
    śáśa
    शशौ
    śáśau
    शशाः / शशासः¹
    śáśāḥ / śáśāsaḥ¹
    Accusative शशम्
    śaśám
    शशौ
    śaśaú
    शशान्
    śaśā́n
    Instrumental शशेन
    śaśéna
    शशाभ्याम्
    śaśā́bhyām
    शशैः / शशेभिः¹
    śaśaíḥ / śaśébhiḥ¹
    Dative शशाय
    śaśā́ya
    शशाभ्याम्
    śaśā́bhyām
    शशेभ्यः
    śaśébhyaḥ
    Ablative शशात्
    śaśā́t
    शशाभ्याम्
    śaśā́bhyām
    शशेभ्यः
    śaśébhyaḥ
    Genitive शशस्य
    śaśásya
    शशयोः
    śaśáyoḥ
    शशानाम्
    śaśā́nām
    Locative शशे
    śaśé
    शशयोः
    śaśáyoḥ
    शशेषु
    śaśéṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1060/1