शान्त

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Hindi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ʃɑːnt̪/, [ʃä̃ːn̪t̪]

Adjective[edit]

शान्त (śānt) (indeclinable)

  1. alternative spelling of शांत (śānt)

Nepali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit शान्त (śānta). Related to शान्ति (śānti).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

शान्त (śānta)

  1. quiet, calm, peaceful

Further reading[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root शम् (śam) +‎ -त (-ta).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

शान्त (śāntá)

  1. past participle of शाम्यति (śāmyati)

Adjective[edit]

शान्त (śāntá)

  1. abated, subsided, ceased, stopped, extinguished, averted
    • c. 400 BCE, Bhagavad Gītā 6.27:
      प्रशान्तमनसं ह्येनं योगिनं सुखमुत्तमम् ।
      उपैति शान्तरजसं ब्रह्मभूतमकल्मषम् ॥
      praśāntamanasaṃ hyenaṃ yoginaṃ sukhamuttamam .
      upaiti śāntarajasaṃ brahmabhūtamakalmaṣam .
      The Yogi whose mind is indifferent attains the best happiness. He realizes his qualitative identity with the Supreme, passionless [lit. with passion ceased] and stainless.
  2. appeased, pacified, tranquil, calm, peaceful
    • c. 800 BCE – 300 BCE, Early Upaniṣads
    • c. 700 CE – 900 CE, Bhāgavata Purāṇa 11.15.29:
      अग्‍न्यादिभिर्न हन्येत मुनेर्योगमयं वपुः ।
      मद्योगशान्तचित्तस्य यादसामुदकं यथा ॥
      ag‍nyādibhirna hanyeta muneryogamayaṃ vapuḥ .
      madyogaśāntacittasya yādasāmudakaṃ yathā .
      Just as the bodies of aquatics cannot be injured by water, the body of a muni whose consciousness is calm by union with me cannot be injured by fire, etc.
  3. gentle, mild, friendly, kind, auspicious
    • c. 1200 BCE – 1000 BCE, Atharvaveda
    • c. 700 CE – 900 CE, Bhāgavata Purāṇa 4.8.49.2:
      दर्शनीयतमं शान्तं मनोनयनवर्धनम् ॥
      darśanīyatamaṃ śāntaṃ manonayanavardhanam .
      [] to him, the most beautiful, auspicious, and pleasing to the mind and eyes.
  4. come to an end; finished; deceased, died out, dead
    • c. 700 CE – 900 CE, Bhāgavata Purāṇa 3.21.37:
      तस्मिन् सुधन्वन्नहनि भगवान् यत्समादिशत् ।
      उपायादाश्रमपदं मुनेः शान्तव्रतस्य तत् ॥
      tasmin sudhanvannahani bhagavān yatsamādiśat .
      upāyādāśramapadaṃ muneḥ śāntavratasya tat .
      O Vidura, they reached the hermitage of the sage, who was finished with his vows of austerity on the very day foretold by the Lord.

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of शान्त (śāntá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शान्तः
śāntáḥ
शान्तौ
śāntaú
शान्ताः / शान्तासः¹
śāntā́ḥ / śāntā́saḥ¹
Vocative शान्त
śā́nta
शान्तौ
śā́ntau
शान्ताः / शान्तासः¹
śā́ntāḥ / śā́ntāsaḥ¹
Accusative शान्तम्
śāntám
शान्तौ
śāntaú
शान्तान्
śāntā́n
Instrumental शान्तेन
śānténa
शान्ताभ्याम्
śāntā́bhyām
शान्तैः / शान्तेभिः¹
śāntaíḥ / śāntébhiḥ¹
Dative शान्ताय
śāntā́ya
शान्ताभ्याम्
śāntā́bhyām
शान्तेभ्यः
śāntébhyaḥ
Ablative शान्तात्
śāntā́t
शान्ताभ्याम्
śāntā́bhyām
शान्तेभ्यः
śāntébhyaḥ
Genitive शान्तस्य
śāntásya
शान्तयोः
śāntáyoḥ
शान्तानाम्
śāntā́nām
Locative शान्ते
śānté
शान्तयोः
śāntáyoḥ
शान्तेषु
śāntéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Feminine ā-stem declension of शान्ता (śāntā́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शान्ता
śāntā́
शान्ते
śānté
शान्ताः
śāntā́ḥ
Vocative शान्ते
śā́nte
शान्ते
śā́nte
शान्ताः
śā́ntāḥ
Accusative शान्ताम्
śāntā́m
शान्ते
śānté
शान्ताः
śāntā́ḥ
Instrumental शान्तया / शान्ता¹
śāntáyā / śāntā́¹
शान्ताभ्याम्
śāntā́bhyām
शान्ताभिः
śāntā́bhiḥ
Dative शान्तायै
śāntā́yai
शान्ताभ्याम्
śāntā́bhyām
शान्ताभ्यः
śāntā́bhyaḥ
Ablative शान्तायाः
śāntā́yāḥ
शान्ताभ्याम्
śāntā́bhyām
शान्ताभ्यः
śāntā́bhyaḥ
Genitive शान्तायाः
śāntā́yāḥ
शान्तयोः
śāntáyoḥ
शान्तानाम्
śāntā́nām
Locative शान्तायाम्
śāntā́yām
शान्तयोः
śāntáyoḥ
शान्तासु
śāntā́su
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Neuter a-stem declension of शान्त (śāntá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शान्तम्
śāntám
शान्ते
śānté
शान्तानि / शान्ता¹
śāntā́ni / śāntā́¹
Vocative शान्त
śā́nta
शान्ते
śā́nte
शान्तानि / शान्ता¹
śā́ntāni / śā́ntā¹
Accusative शान्तम्
śāntám
शान्ते
śānté
शान्तानि / शान्ता¹
śāntā́ni / śāntā́¹
Instrumental शान्तेन
śānténa
शान्ताभ्याम्
śāntā́bhyām
शान्तैः / शान्तेभिः¹
śāntaíḥ / śāntébhiḥ¹
Dative शान्ताय
śāntā́ya
शान्ताभ्याम्
śāntā́bhyām
शान्तेभ्यः
śāntébhyaḥ
Ablative शान्तात्
śāntā́t
शान्ताभ्याम्
śāntā́bhyām
शान्तेभ्यः
śāntébhyaḥ
Genitive शान्तस्य
śāntásya
शान्तयोः
śāntáyoḥ
शान्तानाम्
śāntā́nām
Locative शान्ते
śānté
शान्तयोः
śāntáyoḥ
शान्तेषु
śāntéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Pali: santa
  • Prakrit: 𑀲𑀁𑀢 (saṃta)

References[edit]