सिन्धु

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from the verbal root सेधति(sedhati, to go, move), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱiesdʰ-(to drive away; to go away).

Noun[edit]

सिन्धु ‎(síndhum, f

  1. a river, stream (especially the Indus, and in this sense said to be the only river regarded as masculine gender; compare सिन्धुनद(sindhu-nada)) (RV. etc.)
    • RV 1.32.12
      अश्व्यो वारो अभवस्तदिन्द्र सर्के यत तवा परत्यहन देव एकः |
      अजयो गा अजयः शूर सोममवास्र्जः सर्तवे सप्त सिन्धून ||
      aśvyo vāro abhavastadindra sṛke yat tvā pratyahan deva ekaḥ |
      ajayo ghā ajayaḥ śūra somamavāsṛjaḥ sartave sapta sindhūn ||
      A horse's tail wast thou when he, O Indra, smote on thy bolt; thou, God without a second,
      Thou hast won back the kine, hast won the Soma; thou hast let loose to flow the Seven Rivers.
  2. flood, waters (also in the sky) (RV., AV.)
  3. ocean, sea (RV. etc.)
  4. a symbolical term for the number 4; compare समुद्र(samudra) (Gaṇit.)
  5. name of Varuṇa (as god of the ocean) (MW.)
  6. the moisture of the lips (Kum.)
  7. water ejected from an elephant's trunk (= वमथु(vamathu)) (L.)
  8. the exudation from an elephant's temples (L.)
  9. the country around the Indus (commonly called Sindh; in plural: "the inhabitants of Sindh") (MBh., Kāv.)
  10. a king of Sindh (?) (Cat.)
  11. name of Vishnu (RV., MBh.)
  12. white or refined borax (= श्वेतटण्कण(śveta-ṭaṅkaṇa)) (L.)
  13. = सिन्धुक(sindhuka)
  14. (music) a particular राग(rāga) (Saṃgītas.)
  15. name of a king of the गन्धर्व(gandharva) (R.)
  16. name of a serpent-demon (Buddh.)
  17. name of various men (Rājat.)

Declension[edit]

Masculine u-stem declension of सिन्धु
Nom. sg. सिन्धुः(sindhuḥ)
Gen. sg. सिन्धोः(sindhoḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सिन्धुः(sindhuḥ) सिन्धू(sindhū) सिन्धवः(sindhavaḥ)
Vocative सिन्धो(sindho) सिन्धू(sindhū) सिन्धवः(sindhavaḥ)
Accusative सिन्धुम्(sindhum) सिन्धू(sindhū) सिन्धून्(sindhūn)
Instrumental सिन्धुना(sindhunā) सिन्धुभ्याम्(sindhubhyām) सिन्धुभिः(sindhubhiḥ)
Dative सिन्धवे(sindhave) सिन्धुभ्याम्(sindhubhyām) सिन्धुभ्यः(sindhubhyaḥ)
Ablative सिन्धोः(sindhoḥ) सिन्धुभ्याम्(sindhubhyām) सिन्धुभ्यः(sindhubhyaḥ)
Genitive सिन्धोः(sindhoḥ) सिन्ध्वोः(sindhvoḥ) सिन्धूनाम्(sindhūnām)
Locative सिन्धौ(sindhau) सिन्ध्वोः(sindhvoḥ) सिन्धुषु(sindhuṣu)
Feminine u-stem declension of सिन्धु
Nom. sg. सिन्धुः(sindhuḥ)
Gen. sg. सिन्धधेन्वाः / सिन्धोः(sindhadhenvāḥ / sindhoḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सिन्धुः(sindhuḥ) सिन्धू(sindhū) सिन्धवः(sindhavaḥ)
Vocative सिन्धो(sindho) सिन्धू(sindhū) सिन्धवः(sindhavaḥ)
Accusative सिन्धुम्(sindhum) सिन्धू(sindhū) सिन्धूः(sindhūḥ)
Instrumental सिन्ध्वा(sindhvā) सिन्धुभ्याम्(sindhubhyām) सिन्धुभिः(sindhubhiḥ)
Dative सिन्ध्वै / सिन्धवे(sindhvai / sindhave) सिन्धुभ्याम्(sindhubhyām) सिन्धुभ्यः(sindhubhyaḥ)
Ablative सिन्धधेन्वाः / सिन्धोः(sindhadhenvāḥ / sindhoḥ) सिन्धुभ्याम्(sindhubhyām) सिन्धुभ्यः(sindhubhyaḥ)
Genitive सिन्धधेन्वाः / सिन्धोः(sindhadhenvāḥ / sindhoḥ) सिन्ध्वोः(sindhvoḥ) सिन्धूनाम्(sindhūnām)
Locative सिन्ध्वाम् / सिन्धौ(sindhvām / sindhau) सिन्ध्वोः(sindhvoḥ) सिन्धुषु(sindhuṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1217