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Probably from the verbal root सेधति ‎(sedhati, to go, move).


सिन्धु ‎(síndhum, f

  1. a river, stream (especially the Indus, and in this sense said to be the only river regarded as masculine gender; compare सिन्धुनद ‎(sindhu-nada)) (RV. etc.)
    • RV 1.32.12
      अश्व्यो वारो अभवस्तदिन्द्र सर्के यत तवा परत्यहन देव एकः |
      अजयो गा अजयः शूर सोममवास्र्जः सर्तवे सप्त सिन्धून ||
      aśvyo vāro abhavastadindra sṛke yat tvā pratyahan deva ekaḥ |
      ajayo ghā ajayaḥ śūra somamavāsṛjaḥ sartave sapta sindhūn ||
      A horse's tail wast thou when he, O Indra, smote on thy bolt; thou, God without a second,
      Thou hast won back the kine, hast won the Soma; thou hast let loose to flow the Seven Rivers.
  2. flood, waters (also in the sky) (RV., AV.)
  3. ocean, sea (RV. etc.)
  4. a symbolical term for the number 4; compare समुद्र ‎(samudra) (Gaṇit.)
  5. name of Varuṇa (as god of the ocean) (MW.)
  6. the moisture of the lips (Kum.)
  7. water ejected from an elephant's trunk (= वमथु ‎(vamathu)) (L.)
  8. the exudation from an elephant's temples (L.)
  9. the country around the Indus (commonly called Sindh; in plural: "the inhabitants of Sindh") (MBh., Kāv.)
  10. a king of Sindh (?) (Cat.)
  11. name of Vishnu (RV., MBh.)
  12. white or refined borax (= श्वेतटण्कण ‎(śveta-ṭaṅkaṇa)) (L.)
  13. = सिन्धुक ‎(sindhuka)
  14. (music) a particular राग ‎(rāga) (Saṃgītas.)
  15. name of a king of the गन्धर्व ‎(gandharva) (R.)
  16. name of a serpent-demon (Buddh.)
  17. name of various men (Rājat.)




  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1217