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Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *suHnus (compare Avestan 𐬵𐬎𐬥𐬎 ‎(hunu, hunu-)), from Proto-Indo-European *suHnús. Other cognates include Gothic 𐍃𐌿𐌽𐌿𐍃 ‎(sunus), Lithuanian sūnùs, Old Church Slavonic сꙑнъ ‎(synŭ) and Old English sunu (English son).


सूनु ‎(sūnúm

  1. son, child, offspring (RV. etc.)
    • RV 1.66.1b
      रयिर्न चित्रा सूरो न सन्द्र्गायुर्न पराणो नित्यो नसूनुः |
      तक्वा न भूर्णिर्वना सिषक्ति पयो न धेनुः शुचिर्विभावा ||
      rayirna citrā sūro na sandṛghāyurna prāṇo nityo nasūnuḥ |
      takvā na bhūrṇirvanā siṣakti payo na dhenuḥ śucirvibhāvā ||
      LIKE the Sun's glance, like wealth of varied sort, like breath which is the life, like one's own son,
      Like a swift bird, a cow who yields her milk, pure and refulgent to the wood he speeds.
  2. a younger brother (Kir. i, 24)
  3. a daughter's son (W.)
  4. name of a rishi (having the patronymic आर्भव ‎(ārbhava) or काश्यप ‎(kāśyapa), author of RV. x, 176) (Auukr.)


सूनु ‎(sūnúf

  1. daughter (Mn. i, 10.)

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root सूते ‎(√sū, to beget, produce, yield).


सूनु ‎(sūnúm

  1. one who presses out or extracts the soma-juice (RV. iii, 1, 12; = सोतृ ‎(sotṛ), Sāy.)

Etymology 3[edit]


सूनु ‎(sūnum

  1. one who urges or incites, an inciter (Sāy. on RV. i, 103, 4)
  2. the sun (= सवितृ ‎(savitṛ)) (L.)


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1240