ถูก

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Thai[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic/Phonemic ถูก
tʰ ū k
Paiboon tùuk
(Bangkok) IPA(key) /tʰuːk̚˨˩/

Etymology 1[edit]

Possibly from Old Khmer thoka ‎(cheap; common; vulgar; petty; worthless). Compare Modern Khmer ថោក ‎(thaôk); Lao ຖືກ ‎(thư̄k).

Adjective[edit]

ถูก ‎(tùuk) ‎(abstract noun ความถูก)

  1. cheap; inexpensive.
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Of uncertain origin. Compare Old Khmer trū, trūva, or trūha, meaning "right; proper; accurate; to hit; to strike; to match; to correspond; to be stricken by; to undergo; to suffer; etc.", corresponding to Modern Khmer ត្រូវ ‎(trov). And compare Lao ຖືກ ‎(thư̄k).

Adjective[edit]

ถูก ‎(tùuk) ‎(abstract noun ความถูก)

  1. accurate; precise.
  2. appropriate; proper; suitable.
  3. conformable.
  4. correct; lawful; rightful.
Antonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

ถูก ‎(tùuk) ‎(abstract noun การถูก)

  1. (auxiliary) used as a passive voice marker.
  2. to touch or be touched.
  3. to match; to fit together.
Usage notes[edit]

The passive voice marker ถูก (tùuk) is only used when the target of the action undergoes something unfavourable. Examples:

  • ถูกข่มขืน  ―  tùuk kòm-kʉ̌ʉn  ―  to be raped
  • ถูกด่า  ―  tùuk dàa  ―  to be spoken ill of
  • ถูกทิ้ง  ―  tùuk tíng  ―  to be dumped (e.g. by a boyfriend)
  • ถูกฆ่า  ―  tùuk kâa  ―  to be killed
  • ถูกเก็บ  ―  tùuk gèp  ―  to be assassinated
  • ถูกตบ  ―  tùuk dtòp  ―  to be slapped (e.g. in the face)

In some cases, the marker ถูก (tùuk) and a less formal marker, โดน (doon), can be used interchangeably.

If the target does not undergo an unfavourable situation, the marker ได้รับ (dâai ráp) is used.

These markers can sometimes be omitted.