ถูก

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Thai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Khmer ត្រូវ ‎(trov), Lao ຖືກ ‎(thư̄k).

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ถูก

  1. accurate; precise.
  2. appropriate; proper; suitable.
  3. cheap; inexpensive.
  4. conformable.
  5. correct; lawful; rightful.

Antonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

ถูก

  1. passive voice marker
  2. to touch or be touched.
  3. to match; to fit together.

Usage notes[edit]

As for Definition 1, the marker "ถูก" (tùuk) is only used when the target of the action undergoes something unfavourable. For example,

  • ถูกข่มขืน (tùuk kòm-kʉ̌ʉn; "to be raped"),
  • ถูกแต๊ะอั๋ง (tùuk tɛ́-ǎng; "to be molested"),
  • ถูกด่า (tùuk dàa; "to be scolded"),
  • ถูกทิ้ง (tùuk tíng; "to be dumped (e.g. by a boyfriend)"),
  • ถูกทำลาย (tùuk tam-laai; "to be destroyed"),
  • ถูกนินทา (tùuk nin-taa; "to be spoken ill of"),
  • ถูกปฏิเสธ (tùuk pà-tì-sèet; "to be denied").

In some cases, the marker "ถูก" (tùuk) and a less formal marker, "โดน" (doon), can be used interchangeably.

If the target does not undergo an unfavourable situation, the marker "ได้รับ" (dâai ráp) is used. For example,

  • ได้รับการปรับปรุง (dâai ráp gaan-bpràp-bprung; "to be improved/revised"),
  • ได้รับแต่งตั้ง (dâai ráp dtɛ̀ng-dtâng; "to be appointed"),
  • ได้รับเลือก (dâai ráp lʉ̂ʉak; "to be selected").

However, these markers can, in general, be omitted. For example,

  • "เพลงนี้ได้รับการแต่งขึ้นเพื่อคุณ" (pleeng níi dâai ráp gaan-dtɛ̀ɛng-kʉ̂n pʉ̂ʉa kun),
    which means "this song is written for you", can become:
    "เพลงนี้แต่งขึ้นเพื่อคุณ" (pleeng níi dtɛ̀ɛng-kʉ̂n pʉ̂ʉa kun);
  • "สถาบันนี้ได้รับการจัดตั้งขึ้นเมื่อปีก่อน" (sà-tǎa-ban níi dâai ráp gaan-jàt-dtâng-kʉ̂n mʉ̂ʉa bpii gɔ̀ɔn),
    which means "this institute was founded last year", can become:
    "สถาบันนี้จัดตั้งขึ้นเมื่อปีก่อน" (sà-tǎa-ban níi jàt-dtâng-kʉ̂n mʉ̂ʉa bpii gɔ̀ɔn).

Synonyms[edit]

  • (passive voice marker (for unfavorable senses)): โดน ‎(doon)