ἱστός

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to ἵστημι ‎(hístēmi), from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂-.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ῐ̔στός ‎(histós) (genitive ῐ̔στοῦ); m, second declension

  1. mast
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 15.289
      ἱστὸν δ᾽ εἰλάτινον κοίλης ἔντοσθε μεσόδμης στῆσαν ἀείραντες
      The mast of fir they raised and set in the hollow socket.
  2. shinbone
  3. an (unknown) constellation
    • 400 CE – 600 CE, Aëtius, Sixteen Books on Medicine 3.164
  4. (weaving) beam (of a loom; see usage notes)
  5. (weaving) loom
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 6.491
      ἀλλ᾽ εἰς οἶκον ἰοῦσα τὰ σ᾽ αὐτῆς ἔργα κόμιζε ἱστόν τ᾽ ἠλακάτην τε
      Nay, go thou to the house and busy thyself with thine own tasks, the loom and the distaff.
  6. (weaving) web
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 3.125
      τὴν δ᾽ εὗρ᾽ ἐν μεγάρῳ: ἣ δὲ μέγαν ἱστὸν ὕφαινε δίπλακα πορφυρέην
      She found Helen in the hall, where she was weaving a great purple web of double fold.

Usage notes[edit]

Unlike modern looms, the beam of an Ancient Greek loom stood upright.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]