一石六斗

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
いち > いっ
Grade: 1
こく
Grade: 1
ろく
Grade: 1

Grade: S
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Based on a pun on the term はっと (hatto, startled, surprised) written using the ateji of (hatto, eight to, where to is a traditional Japanese unit of volume).

Literally, the phrase means “ (one) (koku) and (six) (to)”, a measure of volume roughly equivalent to 288 liters. Also equal to 16 (to).

Figuratively, refers to seeing something once, being happily surprised and saying はっと (hatto), and then seeing it again and saying はっと once more in disappointment. はっと twice would be 8 (to) + 8 (to) = 16 (to), or 1 (koku) and 6 (to).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

一石六斗 (hiragana いっこくろくと, rōmaji ikkoku rokuto)

  1. (obsolete) being surprised twice
  2. (obsolete) more specifically, describes the appearance of a woman who has a beautiful figure from behind but has an ugly face

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan