丑三つ時

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
うし
Jinmeiyō

Grade: 1
とき > どき
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Compound of 丑三つ (ushimitsu, the third of four portions of the (koku, two-hour unit of time) of ushi) +‎ (toki, time).[1][2] The toki changes to doki as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

In the old traditional Japanese method of timekeeping, the day was divided into twelve (koku) of two hours apiece, one for each of the twelve branches of the zodiac. One koku could be divided into four equal periods of thirty minutes apiece.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

丑三つ時 (hiragana うしみつどき, rōmaji ushimitsudoki)

  1. (archaic) the time between and 2:00 AM and 2:30 AM, or between 3:00 AM and 3:30 AM, depending on the timekeeping tradition in use
  2. (archaic, poetic, by extension) the middle of the night, late night

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9