八咫鏡

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1

Hyōgaiji
かがみ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi
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八咫鏡: Artist's impressions of the (unseen) Imperial Regalia of Japan, with Yata no Kagami on the upper right

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phrase consisting of ‎(ya, eight) +‎ ‎(ata, an ancient unit of circumference) +‎ ‎(no, possessive particle) +‎ ‎(kagami, mirror).[1]

The name is a description of the mirror's size. A circle with a diameter of one ‎(shaku, ancient foot, unit of length) would have a circumference of four ata. A circumference of eight ata would thus mean a mirror with a diameter of two shaku. The shaku at that time was roughly 23 centimeters, so the mirror would have been roughly 46 centimeters across.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

八咫鏡 ‎(hiragana やたのかがみ, romaji Yata no Kagami)

  1. the "Eight-Hand Mirror", one of the three sacred treasures comprising the Imperial Regalia of Japan

Usage notes[edit]

  • The ata of that time period was around 18 centimeters or 7.25 inches, so note that the hand in the English name is not the same as the four-inch unit of measurement.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3