孤児

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S

Grade: 4
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 孤兒 (MC kuo ȵiᴇ|ŋei).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

孤児 (hiragana こじ, rōmaji koji)

  1. an orphan
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: 4
Irregular

Jukujikun (熟字訓) spelling for the term みなしご (minashigo), itself a compound of (mi, identity, family) +‎ 無し (nashi, none, without) +‎ (ko, child).[2] The ko changes to go as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (less common)

Noun[edit]

孤児 (hiragana みなしご, rōmaji minashigo)

  1. an orphan
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan