御前

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Chinese[edit]

defend; imperial; to drive
 
front, forepart; in front; past
front, forepart; in front; past; former; previous; last; before; preceding; earlier; ago; future; time ahead; first; top; battlefront; to move forward
trad. (御前)
simp. #(御前)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

御前

  1. (in the) presence of royalty

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
ぜん > ぜ
Grade: 2
goon irregular
Kanji in this term

Grade: S
ぜん
Grade: 2
goon
Kanji in this term

Grade: S
まえ > まい
Grade: 2
kun’yomi irregular
Kanji in this term

Grade: S
まえ > めえ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi irregular
Kanji in this term
おん
Grade: S
まえ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Kanji in this term

Grade: S
まえ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

Old Japanese 大前 (opomape1, literally great front), used to address the person in front of the speaker. Later was misinterpreted as Old Japanese 御前 (omape1), even later acquired an 音読み (on'yomi).[1]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

()(まえ) (omaeおまへ (omafe)?
()(ぜん) (gozen

  1. (honorific) Synonym of (mae, front)
    (かみ)()(まえ)にぬかずく
    kami no omae ni nukazuku
    to bow to a god
    (literally, “to bow before a god”)
    (へい)()()(ぜん)で/に
    heika no gozen de/ni
    in the presence of His/Her Majesty
    (literally, “in front of His/Her Majesty”)
  2. (honorific) a noble character, such as a master, lord or god

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

()(まえ) (omaeおまへ (omafe)?

  1. (informal) Rare spelling of お前 (you).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Frellesvig, Bjarke (2010) A History of the Japanese Language, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN