恐らく

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
おそ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

Abbreviation of 恐らくは (osoraku wa), itself a contraction of obsolete 恐るらくは (osoruraku wa), composed of 恐る (osoru, to fear, obsolete earlier form of modern 恐れる osoreru) + らく (-raku, state, act, or fact of doing, nominalizing suffix) + (wa, topic particle).[1][2] Compare English use of the term afraid, as in the phrases “I'm afraid so”, or “I'm afraid that ...”, to express a sense of probably.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

恐らく (hiragana おそらく, rōmaji osoraku)

  1. probably, in all likelihood

Usage notes[edit]

The term osoraku expresses a higher degree of certainty than tabun.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9