狭い

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
せま
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
狹い (kyūjitai)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with ()める (semeru), ()める (semeru), (せま) (semaru), (せば)める (sebameru), and (せば)まる (sebamaru).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of inflected forms of "狭い"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Continuative (連用形) 狭く まく
[séꜜmàkù]
[sèmáꜜkù]
Terminal (終止形) 狭い [sèmáꜜì]
Attributive (連体形) 狭い [sèmáꜜì]
Key constructions
Informal negative 狭くない まくない
くない
[séꜜmàkùnàì]
[sèmáꜜkùnàì]
Informal past 狭かった まかった
かった
[séꜜmàkàttà]
[sèmáꜜkàttà]
Informal negative past 狭くなかった まくなかった
くなかった
[séꜜmàkùnàkàttà]
[sèmáꜜkùnàkàttà]
Formal 狭いです いです [sèmáꜜìdèsù]
Conjunctive 狭くて まくて
くて
[séꜜmàkùtè]
[sèmáꜜkùtè]
Conditional 狭ければ まければ
ければ
[séꜜmàkèrèbà]
[sèmáꜜkèrèbà]

Adjective[edit]

(せま) (semai-i (adverbial (せま) (semaku))

  1. (pertaining to width) narrow, confined
    Antonym: 広い (hiroi)
  2. (pertaining to area) small
    世間(せけん)(せま)ですね。
    Seken wa semai desu ne.
    It's a small world isn't it.
  3. (golf) short

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN