膝の皿

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひざ
Grade: S
さら
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Compound of (hiza, knee) +‎ (no, possessive particle: 's) +‎ (sara, dish, plate), from the shape of the bone.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

膝の皿 (hiragana ひざのさら, rōmaji hiza no sara)

  1. (anatomy) the kneecap, the patella

Usage notes[edit]

Both 膝の皿 (hiza no sara) and 膝皿 (hiza sara) are in use in modern Japanese, with 膝の皿 (hiza no sara) used more frequently. The term 膝蓋骨 (shitsugaikotsu) is somewhat more technical, a bit like English patella compared to kneecap.

Synonyms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9