膝皿

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひざ
Grade: S
さら
Grade: 3
kun'yomi
Kanji in this term
ひざ
Grade: S
さら > ざら
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Compound of (hiza, knee) +‎ (sara, plate), from the shape of the bone.[1]

Also encountered with the reading hizazara. The sara changes to zara as an instance of rendaku (連濁).[2][3][4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

膝皿 ‎(hiragana ひざさら, romaji hiza sara)

  1. (anatomy) The kneecap, the patella.

Usage notes[edit]

Both 膝の皿(hiza no sara) and 膝皿(hiza sara) are in use in modern Japanese, with 膝の皿(hiza no sara) used more frequently. The term 膝蓋骨(shitsugaikotsu) is somewhat more technical, a bit like English patella compared to kneecap.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0