𒂍

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Assyrian cuneiform U1208D MesZL 495.svg
𒂍 U+1208D, 𒂍
CUNEIFORM SIGN E2
← 𒂌
[U+1208C]
Cuneiform 𒂎 β†’
[U+1208E]

Translingual[edit]

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Cuneiform sign[edit]

𒂍 Sign Number
MZL 495
Deimel 324
HZL 199
Components
π’Š“, 𒁹

Derived signs[edit]

References[edit]

  • R. Borger, Mesopotamisches Zeichenlexikon (MZL), MΓΌnster (2003)
  • A. Deimel, Ε umerisches Lexikon (Deimel), Rome (1947)
  • Chr. RΓΌster, E. Neu, Hethitisches Zeichenlexikon (HZL), Wiesbaden (1989)

Akkadian[edit]

Sign values[edit]

Sign 𒂍
Sumerograms Eβ‚‚
Phonetic values bit, biαΉ­

Etymology[edit]

Orthographic borrowing from Sumerian 𒂍 (eβ‚‚ /Δ“/, β€œhouse”).

Logogram[edit]

𒂍 β€’ (Eβ‚‚)

  1. Sumerogram of bΔ«tum (β€œhouse”)

Hittite[edit]

𒂍
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Noun[edit]

𒂍 β€’ (È /pΔ“r/) n (plural π’‚π’ˆ¨π’Œ (È.MEΕ ))

  1. house

Alternative forms[edit]


Sumerian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Jagersma proposes /haj/ as original pronunciation, which later changed to /Λ€eː/, with loss of initial /h/ and contraction of /aj/ to /eː/.

The initial /h/ would explain the Semitic reflection of the word 𒂍𒃲 (eβ‚‚-gal /Δ“gal/) in words like Ugaritic πŽ…πŽ‹πŽ (hkl /hΓͺkal/), Arabic Ω‡ΩŽΩŠΩ’ΩƒΩŽΩ„(haykal) or Hebrew Χ”Φ΅Χ™Χ›ΦΈΧœ(hΓͺḡāl). Moreover, it is also supported by Ebla and Old Akkadian orthography, where the sign 𒂍 (eβ‚‚) had the phonetic values /ha/ and /αΈ₯a/.

As for the final /j/, some Auslaut must be posited to account for the common writing π’‚π’€€π’‰Œ (eβ‚‚-a-neβ‚‚ /Δ“'ane/) ("his/her house"), where the π’€€ (a) of the enclitic possessive pronoun π’€€π’‰Œ (a-neβ‚‚ /ane/, β€œhis/her”) is spelled out and not contracted, as it normally would, with the preceding vowel. Compare with π’Š©π’†³π’‰Œ (gemeβ‚‚-neβ‚‚ /gemΓͺne/, β€œhis/her female slave”), with contraction of π’Š©π’†³ (gemeβ‚‚ /geme/)'s final vowel and the /a/ of π’€€π’‰Œ (a-neβ‚‚ /ane/).

Noun[edit]

𒂍 β€’ (eβ‚‚ /Δ“/)

  1. house, household, estate
  2. temple
    𒉺𒋼𒋛𒆀 𒂍 π’ˆ¬π’†•
    ensi-keβ‚„ eβ‚‚ mu-du₃
    /ensike Δ“ munΕ™u/
    The ruler has built the temple
    (Gudea Cyl. A 22:9 (Lagash, 22nd c.) (ETCSL 2.1.7))

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]