๐’‚

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𒂍 U+1208D, 𒂍
CUNEIFORM SIGN E2
โ† 𒂌
[U+1208C]
Cuneiform 𒂎 โ†’
[U+1208E]

Translingual[edit]

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Wikipedia

Cuneiform sign[edit]

๐’‚ Sign Number
MZL 495
Deimel 324
HZL 199
Components
๐’Š“, ๐’น

Derived signs[edit]

References[edit]

  • R. Borger, Mesopotamisches Zeichenlexikon (MZL), Mรผnster (2003)
  • A. Deimel, ล umerisches Lexikon (Deimel), Rome (1947)
  • Chr. Rรผster, E. Neu, Hethitisches Zeichenlexikon (HZL), Wiesbaden (1989)

Akkadian[edit]

Sign values[edit]

Sign ๐’‚
Sumerograms Eโ‚‚
Phonetic values bit, biแนญ

Etymology[edit]

Orthographic borrowing from Sumerian ๐’‚ (eโ‚‚ /โ ฤ“โ /, โ€œhouseโ€).

Logogram[edit]

๐’‚ โ€ข (Eโ‚‚)

  1. Sumerogram of bฤซtum (โ€œhouseโ€)

Hittite[edit]

๐’‚
The cuneiform font displayed by default does not accurately represent the Hittite script.
Please download and install Hittite fonts from www.hethport.uni-wuerzburg.de.

Noun[edit]

๐’‚ โ€ข (รˆ /pฤ“r/) n (plural ๐’‚๐’ˆจ๐’Œ (รˆ.MEล ))

  1. house

Alternative forms[edit]

Sumerian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Jagersma proposes /haj/ as original pronunciation, which later changed to /ห€eห/, with loss of initial /h/ and contraction of /aj/ to /eห/.

The initial /h/ would explain the Semitic reflection of the word ๐’‚๐’ƒฒ (eโ‚‚-gal /โ ฤ“galโ /) in words like Ugaritic ๐Ž…๐Ž‹๐Ž (hkl /โ hรชkalโ /), Arabic ู‡ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽู„(haykal) or Hebrew ื”ึตื™ื›ึธืœ(hรชแธตฤl). Moreover, it is also supported by Ebla and Old Akkadian orthography, where the sign ๐’‚ (eโ‚‚) had the phonetic values /ha/ and /แธฅa/.

As for the final /j/, some Auslaut must be posited to account for the common writing ๐’‚๐’€€๐’‰Œ (eโ‚‚-a-neโ‚‚ /โ ฤ“'aneโ /) ("his/her house"), where the ๐’€€ (a) of the enclitic possessive pronoun ๐’€€๐’‰Œ (a-neโ‚‚ /โ aneโ /, โ€œhis/herโ€) is spelled out and not contracted, as it normally would, with the preceding vowel. Compare with ๐’Šฉ๐’†ณ๐’‰Œ (gemeโ‚‚-neโ‚‚ /โ gemรชneโ /, โ€œhis/her female slaveโ€), with contraction of ๐’Šฉ๐’†ณ (gemeโ‚‚ /โ gemeโ /)'s final vowel and the /a/ of ๐’€€๐’‰Œ (a-neโ‚‚ /โ aneโ /).

Noun[edit]

๐’‚ โ€ข (eโ‚‚ /ฤ“/)

  1. house, household, estate
  2. temple
    • ๐’‰บ๐’‹ผ๐’‹›๐’†ค ๐’‚ ๐’ˆฌ๐’†•
      ensi-keโ‚„ eโ‚‚ mu-duโ‚ƒ
      /ensike ฤ“ munล™u/
      The ruler has built the temple
      (Gudea Cyl. A 22:9 (Lagash, 22nd c.) (ETCSL 2.1.7))

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]