𛄢

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See also: 汙, ウ, and 于
𛄢 U+1B122, 𛄢
KATAKANA LETTER ARCHAIC WU
[unassigned: U+1B123–U+1B131]
← 𛄡
[U+1B121]
Kana Extended-A 𛄲 →
[U+1B132]

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology[edit]

From the bottom of 宇. May be confused with 于.

Syllable[edit]

𛄢 • (wu

  1. The katakana syllable 𛄢 (wu). Its equivalent in hiragana is 𛄟 (wu).

Usage notes[edit]

In modern Japanese, old /β̞u/ evolved into /u/, and is written as う in hiragana and ウ in katakana. Sound /β̞u/ reintroduced later is written as うぅ in hiragana and ウゥ in katakana - however most speakers pronounce this as a long /u/ sound.
  • 𛄢 is a retrospective invention. It was not actually used in the ancient Japanese literature (which uses man'yōgana instead) and thus is not included in the historical kana orthography.
  • In Meiji era grammar books, 𛄟 was sometimes used to spell ワ行下二段活用 verbs.
  • In ancient times, all は行 sounds were pronounced /pV/ (“V” being any of the Japanese vowels). Then, during the Nara period, it shifted to /ɸV/ when it was in the middle or at the end of a word. Between the Heian and Kamakura periods, /ɸV/ changed to /βV/→/β̞V/→/V/. Some older grammar books used 𛄟 to show this in ハ行四段活用 verbs, ハ行上二段活用 verbs, and ハ行下二段活用 verbs (e.g. 思(おも)ふ (omofu) as 思(おも)𛄟 (omowu).
  • The katakana syllabary is used primarily for transcription of foreign language words into Japanese and the writing of gairaigo (loan words), as well as to represent onomatopoeias, technical and scientific terms, and the names of plants, animals, and minerals. It is also occasionally used in some words for emphasis, or to ease reading; katakana may be preferred for words becoming buried in the text if they are written under their canonical form in hiragana. Names of Japanese companies, as well as certain Japanese language words such as colloquial terms, are also sometimes written in katakana rather than the other systems. Formerly, female given names were often written in katakana. [edit]

See also[edit]

The Katakana script
アァ カヵガカ゚ サザ タダ ナ ハㇵバパ マ ヤャ ラㇻラ゚ ワヮヷ ン𛅧
イィ キギキ゚ シㇱジ チヂ ニ ヒㇶビピ ミ 𛄠 リㇼリ゚ ヰ𛅤ヸ
ウゥヴ クㇰグク゚ スㇲズ ツッヅツ゚ ヌㇴ フㇷブプㇷ゚ ムㇺ ユュ ルㇽル゚ 𛄢
エェ [𛀀] ケヶゲケ゚ セゼセ゚ テデ ネ ヘㇸベペ メ エ / ð›„¡ レㇾレ゚ ヱ𛅥ヹ
オォ コ𛅕ゴコ゚ ソゾ トㇳドト゚ ノ ホㇹボポ モ ヨョ ロㇿロ゚ ヲ𛅦ヺ
Halfwidth katakana characters
Additional symbols