-él

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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

-é- +‎ -l ‎(nominal suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-él

  1. (noun suffix, archaic) Added to a verb to form a noun.
    köt ‎(to bind) → kötél ‎(rope)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (archaic noun suffix) Variants:
    -ál is added to back vowel verbs
    -él is added to front vowel verbs
  • See also the suffix variants -al/-el.
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

-é- +‎ -l ‎(verb suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-él

  1. (frequentative suffix) Added to a verb to form a verb to express repetitive action. No longer productive.
    met ‎((archaic) to cut out) → metél ‎(to mince, chop up into small pieces)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (frequentative suffix) Variants:
    -ál is added to back vowel verbs
    -él is added to front vowel verbs
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 3[edit]

-é- +‎ -l ‎(personal suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-él

  1. (personal suffix) Used in the second-person singular indefinite form of verbs. It appears in past tense as -tél, in conditional mood present as -nél and in subjunctive mood present as -jél.
    énekel ‎(to sing)
    Dalokat énekeltél? - Did you sing songs?
    Énekelnél valamit? - Would you sing something?
    Énekeljél valamit! - Sing something!
Usage notes[edit]
  • (personal suffix) Variants:
    -ál is added to back vowel verbs
    -él is added to front vowel verbs

See also[edit]