-ım

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Turkish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ım

  1. First-person singular possessive suffix denoting singular possession in words ending in a consonant.
    saç ‎(hair) + ‎-ım → ‎saçım ‎(my hair)
    kız ‎(daughter) + ‎-ım → ‎kızım ‎(my daughter)
  2. Conjugation of the verb "to be" for first person singular, simple present tense.
    hazır ‎(ready) + ‎-ım → ‎hazırım ‎(I am ready)

Usage notes[edit]

  • If the noun ends in a vowel, it becomes "-m" (for the possession suffix)
    araba + ‎-ım → ‎arabam
  • It's used only when the word's last vowel is "a" or "ı". It may change into "-im", "-um" and "-üm" according to the last vowel of the word. (possession suffix)
    ev + ‎-ım → ‎evim (the last vowel is "e" or "i")
    yol + ‎-ım → ‎yolum (the last vowel is "o" or "u")
    yüz + ‎-ım → ‎yüzüm (the last vowel is "ö" or "ü")
  • If the word ends in "p", "ç", "t" or "k", it may change them into "b", "c", "d" and "ğ".
    kitap + ‎-ım → ‎kitabım
    ağaç + ‎-ım → ‎ağacım
    kanat + ‎-ım → ‎kanadım
    kulak + ‎-ım → ‎kulağım
  • It may cause the last vowel of the word dropped.
    karın + ‎-ım → ‎karnım
  • If the word ends in a vowel, it's used with an auxiliary consonant; "y". (for the verb to be)
    yaşlı + ‎-ım → ‎yaşlıyım
  • It must be used with an apostrophe if it's appended to a proper noun.
    Barış + ‎-ım → ‎Barış'ım