araba

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Turkish araba.

Noun[edit]

araba (plural arabas)

  1. (historical) A horse-drawn carriage once used for transportation in pre-modern Turkey.
    • 1836, Julia Pardoe, City of the Sultan; and Domestic Manners of the Turks
      No one but a native of the luxurious East could ever have invented an araba, with its comfortable cushions, and its gaily painted roof, and gilded pillars. The prettiest are those of brown and gold, with rose-coloured draperies, through which the breeze flutters to your cheek as blandly as though it loved the tint that reminded it of the roses of the past season amid which it had wandered."
    • 1845, William Makepeace Thackeray, Notes on a Journey from Cornhill to Grand Cairo
      I found the examination of these antiquities much less pleasant than to look at the many troops of children assembled on the plain to play; and to watch them as they were dragged about in little queer arobas, or painted carriages, which are there kept for hire.
    • 1898,Alexander William Kinglake, Eothen
      There is, however, such a thing as an “araba,” a vehicle drawn by oxen, in which the wives of a rich man are sometimes dragged four or five miles over the grass by way of recreation. The carriage is rudely framed, but you recognise in the simple grandeur of its design a likeness to things majestic; in short, if your carpenter’s son were to make a “Lord Mayor’s coach” for little Amy, he would build a carriage very much in the style of a Turkish araba.
    • 1917,W.J. Childs, Across Asia Minor on Foot, 1917.
      Whenever I mounted the araba, he would whip his horses to a sharp trot or canter for half a mile, and then at a word stop for me to get out.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See Turkish araba.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɑrɑˈbɑ]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: a‧ra‧ba

Noun[edit]

araba (definite accusative arabanı, plural arabalar)

  1. cart
  2. carriage
  3. wheelbarrow
    Synonym: əl arabası

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • araba” in Obastan.com.

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

arabo +‎ -a

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /aˈraba/
  • Hyphenation: a‧ra‧ba
  • Rhymes: -aba

Adjective[edit]

araba (accusative singular araban, plural arabaj, accusative plural arabajn)

  1. Arabic (of or pertaining to the Arab peoples, their nations, or the Arabic language)
  2. (la araba) Clipping of la araba lingvo (the Arabic language).

Hypernyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

araba

  1. feminine singular of arabo

Noun[edit]

araba f (plural arabe)

  1. female equivalent of arabo

Northern Sotho[edit]

Verb[edit]

araba

  1. to answer

Occitan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

araba

  1. feminine singular of arab

Phuthi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sotho araba.

Verb[edit]

-árába

  1. to answer

Inflection[edit]

This entry needs an inflection-table template.


Sotho[edit]

Verb[edit]

araba

  1. to answer

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Phuthi: -araba

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /aˈɾaba/, [aˈɾa.β̞a]

Verb[edit]

araba

  1. First-person singular (yo) imperfect indicative form of arar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperfect indicative form of arar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) imperfect indicative form of arar.

Tswana[edit]

Verb[edit]

araba

  1. to answer

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimate origin uncertain. Originally intended to mean "a two-wheeled cart" now being used generically for all kinds of vehicles and bicycles (Schwarz 1992: 393). According to Ramstedt (1905: 23), the Turkic form was borrowed into Iranian (Afgh. arabá, Shg. arōbā), Arabic عَرَبَة(ʿaraba), Uralic, European and Caucasian languages. A Turkic loan relation with Burushaski arabá is also discussed by Rybatzki. Considering Doerfer (1963/1965/1967/1975), the etymology of the word seems unclear, being either of Turkic or Arabic origin. Uzbek arava was loaned into Tajik aråba 'cart, carriage' (Doerfer 1967: 12) and Ormuri arâba 'wheel' (M29: 387). Other Turkic congnates include Uyghur araba, Kazakh арба (arba), Kyrgyz арба (arba), Taranchi hariba, as well as Chuvash урапа (urapa), Bashkir арба (arba) and Tatar арба (arba, covered wagon)[1]. Rybatzki notes that all Turkic forms are too similar with Burushaski, concluding the exact donor language can not be determined.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /aɾaˈba/
  • Hyphenation: a‧ra‧ba

Noun[edit]

araba (definite accusative arabayı, plural arabalar)

  1. car
  2. cart
  3. carriage

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative araba
Definite accusative arabayı
Singular Plural
Nominative araba arabalar
Definite accusative arabayı arabaları
Dative arabaya arabalara
Locative arabada arabalarda
Ablative arabadan arabalardan
Genitive arabanın arabaların
Possessive forms
Nominative Singular Plural
1st singular arabam arabalarım
2nd singular araban arabaların
3rd singular arabası arabaları
1st plural arabamız arabalarımız
2nd plural arabanız arabalarınız
3rd plural arabaları arabaları
Definite accusative Singular Plural
1st singular arabamı arabalarımı
2nd singular arabanı arabalarını
3rd singular arabasını arabalarını
1st plural arabamızı arabalarımızı
2nd plural arabanızı arabalarınızı
3rd plural arabalarını arabalarını
Dative Singular Plural
1st singular arabama arabalarıma
2nd singular arabana arabalarına
3rd singular arabasına arabalarına
1st plural arabamıza arabalarımıza
2nd plural arabanıza arabalarınıza
3rd plural arabalarına arabalarına
Locative Singular Plural
1st singular arabamda arabalarımda
2nd singular arabanda arabalarında
3rd singular arabasında arabalarında
1st plural arabamızda arabalarımızda
2nd plural arabanızda arabalarınızda
3rd plural arabalarında arabalarında
Ablative Singular Plural
1st singular arabamdan arabalarımdan
2nd singular arabandan arabalarından
3rd singular arabasından arabalarından
1st plural arabamızdan arabalarımızdan
2nd plural arabanızdan arabalarınızdan
3rd plural arabalarından arabalarından
Genitive Singular Plural
1st singular arabamın arabalarımın
2nd singular arabanın arabalarının
3rd singular arabasının arabalarının
1st plural arabamızın arabalarımızın
2nd plural arabanızın arabalarınızın
3rd plural arabalarının arabalarının

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Persian: عرابه‎ m (arrâbe)
Shughni: - m (-, arōbā)

Further reading[edit]

  • araba in Turkish dictionaries at Türk Dil Kurumu

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Burkardt: "Five Letter Words", in Department of Scientific Computing, Florida State University.
  2. ^ Volker Rybatzki: "Türkische Lehnwörter im Burushaski" - Studia Orientalia 108 (2010), pp. 149–179.