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See also: մ, Ս, Ա, Մ, and U

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-mo- suffix. Compare Ancient Greek θερ-μό-ς (ther-mó-s), corresponding to ջեր-մ (ǰer-m). See also թարմ (tʿarm).

Suffix[edit]

(-m)

  1. found in few words
Derived terms[edit]


Usage notes[edit]

The suffix was unproductive already in Old Armenian.

References[edit]

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48

Etymology 2[edit]

According to Godel, from Proto-Indo-European *-smē̆. A trace of the final vowel perhaps survives in ումե-ք (ume-kʿ), ումե-մն (ume-mn). Compare the following cognates: Old Armenian դմա (dma), այդմ (aydm), Sanskrit तस्मै (tasmai), Gothic 𐌸𐌰𐌼𐌼𐌰 (þamma). See also ում (um).

Suffix[edit]

(-m)

  1. singular dative/locative marker in certain pronouns
    սմաsmadative/locative singular of սա (sa)
    այսմaysmdative/locative singular of այս (ays)
    ումumdative/locative singular of ո (o), ով (ov)
    հիմhimdative singular of հի- (hi-)
    իմimdative singular of ի- (i-)
    որումorumdative singular of որ (or)
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 109

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-mi, the first-person singular primary personal ending.

Suffix[edit]

(-m)

  1. first-person singular present-tense ending of verbs
    որսամorsamI hunt
    գրեմgremI write
    հայիմhayimI look
    արգելումargelumI hinder
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Fortson, Benjamin W. (2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, second edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 391