ո

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Character ո
Unicode name ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER VO
Code point U+0578
Entity number ո
Unicode block Armenian
շ [U+0577] [U+0579] չ
See also: ռ and n

Armenian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ո

ո lowercase (uppercase Ո)

  1. The 24th letter of Armenian alphabet. Transliterated as o. Represents а open-mid back rounded vowel: [ɔ] (but [vɔ] word-initially).
  2. The numeral 600 in Armenian numbering.

Usage notes[edit]

According to Jasmine Dum-Tragut, in the initial position ո ‎(o) is usually pronounced with a glide, namely the labiodental approximant, as [ʋɔ], e.g. որդի ‎(ordi) [ʋɔɾˈtʰi]. Vahagn Petrosyan, a Wiktionarian, disagrees: in Standard Eastern Armenian word-initially ո ‎(o) is pronounced as [vɔ], with a voiced labiodental fricative.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009) Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian (London Oriental and African Language Library; 14), Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, § 1.1.2

Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ով ‎(ov) (used before vowels)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kʷos, by loosing the initial consonant.

Pronoun[edit]

ո՞ ‎(o?)

  1. (interrogative) who?
    ո՞, ո՞ ոք‎ ― o?, o? okʿ ― who?
    ո՞ ի ձէնջ իշխեսցէ առնել զայդ‎ ― o? i jēnǰ išxescʿē aṙnel zayd ― who among you dare do that?
    ո՞ ոք ի մարդկանէ‎ ― o? okʿ i mardkanē ― who is he that ...?
    գիտեմ ո՛ է դա‎ ― gitem ó ē da ― I know who he is
    ո՛ ոք եւ իցէ‎ ― ó okʿ ew icʿē ― whoever he may be
    ո՞յր է մատեանս‎ ― o?yr ē mateans ― whose book is this?
    զո՞ խնդրէք‎ ― zo? xndrēkʿ ― whom do you seek?
    ո՞յր ես‎ ― o?yr es ― who are you for?
    ո՞ւմ ասացեր‎ ― u?m asacʿer ― to whom have you spoken?
    ո՞ գիտէ‎ ― o? gitē ― who knows?
    ո՞յք ոմանք իցեն‎ ― o?ykʿ omankʿ icʿen ― who are they who ...?
    ո՞ւմ ի կապելոց‎ ― u?m i kapelocʿ ― to which of the prisoners?
    յո՞ւմ անձին‎ ― yu?m anjin ― on which person?
    ո՞յք եմք‎ ― o?ykʿ emkʿ ― who are we?
    ո եւ պէտ‎ ― o ew pēt ― whoever it may be
    յոյր սակս/սակի‎ ― yoyr saks/saki ― why? on what account? for what reason?
    ում եւ պետ‎ ― um ew pet ― whatever, whatsoever

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: ով ‎(ov)

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ո”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “ո”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “ո”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935