ղ

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ղ U+0572, ղ
ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER GHAD
ձ
[U+0571]
Armenian ճ
[U+0573]
See also: դ, Ղ, η, , and ή

Armenian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ղ

ղ lowercase (uppercase Ղ)

  1. The 18th letter of Armenian alphabet, called ղատ(łat).
    Represents:
    velarized alveolar lateral approximant: [ɫ] in Old Armenian. Transliterated as ł.
    voiced uvular fricative: [ʁ] in Eastern Armenian. Transliterated as ġ.
    voiced uvular fricative: [ʁ] in Western Armenian. Transliterated as ġ.
  2. The numeral 90 in Armenian numbering.

Usage notes[edit]

The pronunciation of this letter has changed considerably since classical Old Armenian. The oldest pronunciation was an l-like sound (hear it). Hence the spellings like Պաղեստին(Pałestin), Ղուկաս(Łukas), մետաղ(metał). It turned into [ʁ] (hear it) around the 10-11th centuries.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009) Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian (London Oriental and African Language Library; 14), Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, § 1.1.2.2, page 18