ղ

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See also: դ, Ղ, η, , and ή
Character ղ U+0572, ղ
Name ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER GHAD
Block Armenian
ձ [U+0571] [U+0573] ճ

Armenian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ղ

ղ lowercase (uppercase Ղ)

  1. The 18th letter of Armenian alphabet, called ղատ ‎(łat).
    Represents:
    velarized alveolar lateral approximant: [ɫ] in Old Armenian. Transliterated as ł.
    voiced uvular fricative: [ʁ] in Eastern Armenian. Transliterated as ġ.
    voiced uvular fricative: [ʁ] in Western Armenian. Transliterated as ġ.
  2. The numeral 90 in Armenian numbering.

Usage notes[edit]

The pronunciation of this letter has changed considerably since classical Old Armenian. The oldest pronunciation was an l-like sound (hear it). Hence the spellings like Պաղեստին ‎(Pałestin), Ղուկաս ‎(Łukas), մետաղ ‎(metał). It turned into [ʁ] (hear it) around the 10-11th centuries.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009) Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian (London Oriental and African Language Library; 14), Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 18, § 1.1.2.2