ֆ

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ֆ U+0586, ֆ
ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER FEH
օ
[U+0585]
Armenian և
[U+0587]
See also: Ֆ, $, , , and

Armenian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Introduced in the 11th century (first attested in 1037). Probably modeled on Ancient Greek φ(ph).

Letter[edit]

ֆ

ֆ lowercase (uppercase Ֆ)

  1. The 39th and last letter of the Armenian alphabet, called ֆե(fe). Represents voiceless labiodental fricative: [f]. Transliterated as f.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Old Armenian did not have an [f] sound; in borrowed words it was replaced by փ(pʿ) (especially from Greek) and/or հ(h) (especially from Iranian when preceding -r-); compare փիլիսոփայ(pʿilisopʿay), հրաման(hraman), օրհնեմ(ōrhnem).
  • Because this letter is a late addition, it has no numerical value.
  • In Traditional Armenian orthography this is the 38th letter.
  • Words with ֆ(f) are either borrowings or are of onomatopoeic origin (though it is sometimes found in dialectal developments of some genuine Armenian words).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009) Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian (London Oriental and African Language Library; 14), Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, § 1.1.2.2, page 18