-abilis

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: abilis

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

By rebracketing of words such as amābilis (which comes from amāre, amō), where -ā- is part of the stem of a first conjugation verb. The word habilis (proper, apt) is sometimes incorrectly stated as being the origin of the suffix, but instead came from earlier *habibilis, from habeō + -ibilis, and was reduced by haplology.

Suffix[edit]

-ābilis m, f (neuter -ābile); third declension

  1. -able; able or worthy to be.
    exitium + ‎-abilis → ‎exitiābilis
    ratiō + ‎-abilis → ‎ratiōnābilis
    amīcus + ‎-abilis → ‎amīcābilis
    capiō + ‎-abilis → ‎capābilis
    perniciēs + ‎-abilis → ‎perniciābilis

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative -ābilis -ābile -ābilēs -ābilia
genitive -ābilis -ābilium
dative -ābilī -ābilibus
accusative -ābilem -ābile -ābilēs -ābilia
ablative -ābilī -ābilibus
vocative -ābilis -ābile -ābilēs -ābilia

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]