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See also: abilis


Alternative forms[edit]


By rebracketing of words such as amābilis (which comes from amāre, amō), where -ā- is part of the stem of a first conjugation verb. The word habilis (proper, apt) is sometimes incorrectly stated as being the origin of the suffix, but instead came from earlier *habibilis, from habeō + -ibilis, and was reduced by haplology.


-ābilis m, f (neuter -ābile); third declension

  1. -able; able or worthy to be.
    exitium + ‎-abilis → ‎exitiābilis
    ratiō + ‎-abilis → ‎ratiōnābilis
    amīcus + ‎-abilis → ‎amīcābilis
    capiō + ‎-abilis → ‎capābilis
    perniciēs + ‎-abilis → ‎perniciābilis


Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative -ābilis -ābile -ābilēs -ābilia
genitive -ābilis -ābilium
dative -ābilī -ābilibus
accusative -ābilem -ābile -ābilēs, -ābilīs -ābilia
ablative -ābilī -ābilibus
vocative -ābilis -ābile -ābilēs -ābilia

Derived terms[edit]