-abilis

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See also: abilis

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a generalised form of -bilis (originally only applied to verbs in the first conjugation). The word habilis (proper, apt) is sometimes incorrectly stated as being the origin of the suffix, but instead came from earlier *habibilis, from habeō + -ibilis, and was reduced by haplology.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ābilis m, f (neuter -ābile); third declension

  1. -able; able or worthy to be (the recipient of an action).

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -ābilis is usually added to first-conjugation verbs to form an adjective denoting passive qualities.

Examples:
amō (I love) + ‎-ābilis → ‎amābilis (lovable)
dūrō (I make hard) + ‎-ābilis → ‎dūrābilis (durable, lasting)
mūtō (I move, alter, change) + ‎-ābilis → ‎mūtābilis (changeable)

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative -ābilis -ābile -ābilēs -ābilia
genitive -ābilis -ābilium
dative -ābilī -ābilibus
accusative -ābilem -ābile -ābilēs -ābilia
ablative -ābilī -ābilibus
vocative -ābilis -ābile -ābilēs -ābilia

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]