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See also: Adal, adal, and aðal-



It was formed as a compound of -d ‎(frequentative suffix) +‎ -l ‎(nominal suffix) presumably in the Old Hungarian era. [1]




  1. (noun suffix, rare) Added to a verb to form a noun to express the action and the object of the action.
    vív ‎(to fence; to fight) → viadal ‎(fight)


Inflection (plural in -ok, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative -adal -adalok
accusative -adalt -adalokat
dative -adalnak -adaloknak
instrumental -adallal -adalokkal
causal-final -adalért -adalokért
translative -adallá -adalokká
terminative -adalig -adalokig
essive-formal -adalként -adalokként
inessive -adalban -adalokban
superessive -adalon -adalokon
adessive -adalnál -adaloknál
illative -adalba -adalokba
sublative -adalra -adalokra
allative -adalhoz -adalokhoz
elative -adalból -adalokból
delative -adalról -adalokról
ablative -adaltól -adaloktól
Possessive forms of -adal
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. -adalom -adalaim
2nd person sing. -adalod -adalaid
3rd person sing. -adala -adalai
1st person plural -adalunk -adalaink
2nd person plural -adalotok -adalaitok
3rd person plural -adaluk -adalaik

Usage notes[edit]

  • No longer productive. Harmonic variants:
    -adal is added to back vowel stems
    -edel is added to front vowel stems

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gábor Zaicz, Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete, Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, ISBN 963 7094 01 6