Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/walþuz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *wel-, in which case it would be cognate with Hittite 𒌑𒂊𒂖𒇻𒍑 (wellu-š, pasture, meadow).[1] Another possibility is from Proto-Indo-European *wolHt- (compare Old Irish folt (hair), Old Prussian wolti (ear (of corn)), Lithuanian váltis (oat awn), Serbo-Croatian vlât (ear (of wheat)), and possibly Ancient Greek λᾰ́σῐος (lásios, hairy)), but the semantic gap is wide.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*walþuz m

  1. forest

Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Old English: weald, wald ("forest")
  • Old Frisian: wald
    • Saterland Frisian: Woold ("forest")
    • West Frisian: wâld ("forest")
  • Old Saxon: wald
  • Old Dutch: *wald
    • Middle Dutch: wout
      • Dutch: woud ("forest")
        • Afrikaans: woud ("forest")
  • Old High German: wald ("forest")
  • Old Norse: vǫllr m ("field")
    • Icelandic: völlur m ("field")
    • Faroese: vøllur m ("field")
    • Norn: vollj ("flat piece of land")
    • Norwegian: voll m ("field")
    • Old Danish: wold, wall ("field")
      • Danish: vold c, val c ("field")
    • Old Swedish: valder m
      • Swedish: vall c ("meadow")
    • Westrobothnian: vǫll m, vall m ("elevated cultured field")

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alwin Kloekhorst (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers