Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/éti

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *h₁é.

Adverb[edit]

*éti[2]

  1. beyond
  2. over

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian:
    • (?) Old Armenian: ()
  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *at, from *h₁óti
    • Lithuanian: at- (back, away)
    • Latvian: at- (back away)
    • Old Prussian: et-, at-
    • Proto-Slavic: *otъ (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic:
  • Proto-Germanic: *idi, *idi- (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic:
    • Ancient Greek: ἔτι (éti, yet)
    • Ancient Greek: ἀτάρ (atár, but)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *áti
  • Proto-Italic: *et
    • Latin: et (and)
      • Eastern Romance:
        • Aromanian: e
        • Romanian: e
      • Western Romance:
        • Gallo-Romance:
          • Anglo-Norman: e
          • Occitan: e
          • Catalan: i
          • Old French: e, et
            • Middle French: et
              • French: et
          • Old Occitan: e
          • Picard: et
          • Walloon: et
        • Ibero-Romance:
          • Aragonese: y
          • Old Leonese:
            • Asturian: y
            • Extremaduran: i
            • Mirandese: i
          • Old Portuguese: e
            • Fala: i
            • Galician: e
            • Portuguese: e
          • Old Spanish: e
        • Italo-Dalmatian Romance:
          • Dalmatian: e
          • Italian: e, ed
          • Sicilian: e
        • Rhaeto-Romance:
          • Friulian: e
          • Romansch: e, ed
      • Sardinian:
        • Sardinian: e
  • Proto-Tocharian: *āté[3]
    • Tocharian B: ate
  • Tocharian:

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[2], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  3. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “ate”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 10