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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative reconstructions[edit]



  1. to cut

Derived terms[edit]

  • *sék-ti (root present)
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
      • Slavic: *sěťi (to cut) (with unexplained -ě-) (see there for further descendants)
  • *sek-eh₂-yé-ti[3] or *sek-h₁-yé-ti[1]
    • Italic: [Term?]
      • Latin: secō (see there for further descendants)
  • *sok-éh₂
    • Germanic: *sagō (see there for further descendants)
  • *sék-no-m
  • *sék-s-o-s
  • *sok-s-ó-m
    • Germanic: *sahsą (see there for further descendants)
  • *sek-ūr-
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
      • Slavic: *sekyra (axe) (< *sek-)
    • Italic: [Term?]
  • *sék-tleh₂
    • Italic: [Term?]
Unsorted formations
  • Albanian: shat (hoe, mattock)
  • Italic: [Term?]
  • (possibly) Germanic: *seglą (see there for further descendants)


  1. 1.0 1.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195083458
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag