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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative reconstructions[edit]



  1. to cut

Derived terms[edit]

  • *sek- ‎(root present)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *sěťi ‎(to cut) (with unexplained -ě-) (see there for further descendants)
  • *sek-eh₂-ye-[3] or *sekh₁-ye-[1]
    • Italic:
      • Latin: secō (see there for further descendants)
  • *sok-éh₂
    • Germanic: *sagō (see there for further descendants)
  • *sek-nom
  • *sok-som
    • Germanic: *sahsą (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian: shat ‎(hoe, mattock)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *sekyra ‎(axe) (< *sek-)
    • Germanic: *sagisnō
    • Germanic: (possibly) *seglą (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Iranian:
        • Middle Persian: [script needed] ‎(škastan) (to break)
          • Persian: شکستن ‎(šekastan) (to break, to fail)
        • Kurdish: şkestin (to break, vi.), şkandin (to break, vt.), şkeft (cave)
    • Italic:


  1. 1.0 1.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag