Cathay

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin Cathaya, variant of Cataya, from Old Turkic Old Turkic letter NY.svg Old Turkic letter T1.svgOld Turkic letter I.svgOld Turkic letter IQ.svg (Khitāyn), the Khitan people who conquered northern China as the Liao dynasty in the 10th century and ruled the central Asian Qara Khitai Khanate in the 12th, just prior to the overland European missions to China occasioned by the Pax Mongolica. Cognate with Russian Кита́й (Kitáj, China).[1] See "Names of China" at Wikipedia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Cathay

  1. (archaic) China, specifically medieval northern China as reached by the overland Silk Road to Xi'an or Beijing, not known at the time to be related to the southern Chinese reached by the maritime routes to Guangzhou.
  2. A settlement in North Dakota.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cathay, n." in the Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Portuguese[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Cathay m

  1. Alternative spelling of Catai