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See also: farsi and farsí


Alternative forms[edit]


Apparently first used widely in English in the late 1960s or early 1970s.[1] From Persian فارسی(fârsi), from Fars, the Arabic name for the province of Persis (“Pars”) in southwestern Iran (Arabic lacks the sound ‘p’). That name was adopted by the Arabs and Persians to refer to the Persian language after the Islamic invasions of the 7th century.


Proper noun[edit]


  1. (proscribed) The standard Persian language; national language of Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
    • 1820, William Erskine, "On the sacred books and religion of the Parsis", Transactions of the Literary Society of Bombay, volume II, page 315
      That the Farsi or Persian is not a language derived from the Pehlevi, but a collateral and independent tongue, seems to be sufficiently certain.
    • 1991, Richard Felix Staar, Foreign Policies of the Soviet Union, page 91
      In July 1984, Radio Iran Toilers began broadcasting in Farsi from Afghanistan; by the end of 1988 it was transmitting twenty-one hours a week.
    • 1999, Maria O'Shea, Culture shock! Iran, page 75
      The method of writing Farsi is logical, although reading can be trickier, as one has to guess at the unwritten consonants of unfamiliar words.
    • 2001, Dan Baumann, Imprisoned in Iran: Love's Victory Over Fear, page 20
      We chatted away in Farsi.
    • 2009, Vit Bubenik, "The rise and development of the possessive construction in Middle Iranian with parallels in Albanian", page 97 in Grammatical Change in Indo-European Languages, Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 305
      For instance, in Farsi pošt means 'back' (noun) as in pošt=am dard mikonad 'my back hurts' []

Usage notes[edit]

  • Popular use of the term Farsi in English is very recent; Persian is the older name of the language in English.
  • Iran's Academy of Persian Language and Literature believes that Farsi is not an appropriate term to use for the Persian language in English. Some groups hotly debate the use of Farsi at all as an English word.[2][3][4][5][6]
  • ISO formerly called the language "Western Farsi", but now designates it as "Iranian Persian". Ethnologue calls the language "Western Farsi", but also gives the synonyms of Persian and New Persian.



See also[edit]


  1. ^ Brian Spooner (1994) "Are we teaching Persian? or farsi? or dari? or tojiki?" in Mehdi Marashi (ed.) Persian Studies in North America: Studies in Honor of Mohammad Ali Jazayery, page 176
  2. ^ “Persian or Farsi?”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1], Iranian.com, 1997-12-16, retrieved 2011-12-23
  3. ^ “Fársi:''recently appeared language!''”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[2], Persiandirect.com, accessed 2011-12-23
  4. ^ “Persian or Fársi?”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[3], Persiandirect.com, accessed 2011-12-23
  5. ^ “Announcement of the Academy of Persian Language and Literature about the name of Persian language”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[4], Heritage.chn.ir, 2005-11-19, retrieved 2011-12-23
  6. ^ “متنِ اعلامِ نظرِ شورای فرهنگستانِ زبان و ادبِ فارسی درباره‌ی کاربردِ Farsi به جای Persian در مکاتباتِ وزارتِ امورِ خارجه”, in Nāme-ye Farhangestān [The Quarterly Journal of The Academy of Persian Language and Literature][5] (PDF, in Persian), volume 1, issue 1, Tehran, Spring 1995, page 152

External links[edit]