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See also: hochdeutsch



Substantivisation of hochdeutsch or hoch +‎ Deutsch


  • IPA(key): /ˈhoːxˌdɔɪ̯t͡ʃ/
  • (file)

Proper noun[edit]

Hochdeutsch n (proper noun, language name, genitive Hochdeutsch or Hochdeutschs, alternative nominative (used with the definite article) Hochdeutsche, alternative genitive Hochdeutschen, no plural)

  1. (common usage) Standard High German, High German (including the colloquial; antonym of dialect)
    Viele junge Leute sprechen nur noch Hochdeutsch.
    Many young people only speak Standard High German.
  2. (linguistics) High German
    Die deutschen Dialekte teilen sich in Niederdeutsch und Hochdeutsch.
    The German dialects are divided into Low German and High German.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The High German dialects formed the basis of modern Standard German, whereas Low German had only a secondary influence on it. Therefore, the term Hochdeutsch has come to mean Standard High German in common usage. In this meaning it includes the standard-based colloquial varieties.
  • In scientific usage, Standard High German proper is referred to as Standardhochdeutsch (Standard High German), Standarddeutsch (Standard German) or Schriftdeutsch (written German). Colloquial varieties are called neuhochdeutsche Umgangssprache(n) or Regiolekte.



(Standard High German):


(High German):


(Standard High German):

(High German):

((chiefly) diachronic)

((chiefly) synchronic)

  • Mitteldeutsch
  • Oberdeutsch
  • Oberfränkisch (sometimes used for Südfränkisch & Ostfränkisch or Rheinfränkisch (incl. Südrheinfränkisch) & Ostfränkisch when both are either categorised as Mitteldeutsch or Oberdeutsch)
  • Südfränkisch = Südrheinfränkisch(sometimes included in Mitteldeutsch, sometimes even more specifically in Rheinfränkisch, and sometimes in Oberdeutsch)
  • Ostfränkisch = Mainfränkisch = Fränkisch (strict sense, chiefly non-linguistic)(sometimes a differentiation by time is made: included in Mitteldeutsch in the Old High German time and in Oberdeutsch in the Middle or New High German time)
  • Vogtländisch (sometimes included in Obersächsisch in the broad sense, sometimes in Ostfränkisch)
  • Nordwestböhmisch (sometimes included in Obersächsisch in the broad sense)
  • Egerländisch (sometimes included in Ostfränkisch, sometimes in Nordbairisch)
  • Langobardisch (sometimes classified as Althochdeutsch or more specifically as Oberdeutsch in the Old High German time, but disputed)

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]