Kamel

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See also: kamel

German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German kemel, kemmel, kembel, borrowed during the Crusades from Byzantine Greek κάμηλος (kámēlos), probably in part also from Arabicجَمَل(jamal), which best explains the e-vocalism (as Arabic a is [æ] or even [ɛ] in this word). The modern form with final stress is a 16th-century learned alteration after Latin camēlus, itself from Ancient Greek, from a Semitic language. It was accordingly mostly spelt Kameel until the early 20th century (a spelling then abolished after words like Klientel, parallel). An older term for the animal was Old High German olbenta.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kaˈmeːl/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eːl

Noun[edit]

Kamel n (strong, genitive Kamels or Kameles, plural Kamele, feminine Kamelin or Kamelstute)

  1. a camel
  2. (informal, dated) a stupid person

Declension[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

(camel):

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Kashubian: kamel
  • Lower Sorbian: kamel

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Kamel” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • Kamel” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • Kamel” in Duden online
  • Kamel on the German Wikipedia.Wikipedia de
  • Allgemeines Polyglotten-Lexicon der Natur-Geschichte mit erklärenden Anmerkungen von Philipp Andreas Nemnich, 1793, column 774ff. It mentions that the terms "Kamel" and "Dromedar" were used with different meanings. Then it states that "Dromedar" is more commonly used for the einhöckrige Kamel and suggest using "Trampelthier" for the zweihöckrige Kamel.
  • Das Kameel und das Trampelthier ["Kameel" = zweihöckriges Kamel; "Trampelthier" = einhöckriges Kamel]. In: Deutsche Dichter. Erläutert von M. W. Götzinger, 1st part, 2nd edition, 1844, page 152.