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See also: METIs, metis, métis, and Métis


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Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French métis, from Old French mestis, from Late Latin mixtīcius. Métis originally referred to Francophone and Cree-speaking descendants of the French-Catholic Red River Métis in Manitoba. Compare mestizo.

Alternative forms[edit]


Proper noun[edit]


  1. (Canada) One of three recognized Aboriginal peoples of Canada, descendants of marriages of Cree, Ojibwa, Saulteaux, and Menominee Aboriginal people with French Canadians, Scots and English.


Metis (plural Metis)

  1. (chiefly Canada, US) A member of one of these three Canadian Aboriginal peoples.
    • 2003, Joan Beam, Barbara Branstad, The Native American in Long Fiction: An Annotated Bibliography : Supplement, 1995-2002, Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press
      Gabriel Du Pre is a Metis, a descendent of the Cree, Chippewa and Ojibwe tribes mixed with French.
  2. (chiefly Canada) A person of mixed European and Aboriginal descent.
    • 1912, Eugène Sue, Works of Eugène Sue: The wandering Jew, page 161:
      He is a Métis, that is, the son of a white father and Indian mother. He has dwelt long in cities where Europeans have conducted business, and speaks English and French very well; the other two chiefs are a Negro and an Indian: []
    • 1991, Thomas C. Pocklington, University of Regina. Canadian Plains Research Center, The Government and Politics of the Alberta Metis Settlements, University of Regina Press (→ISBN), page 14:
      Malcolm Norris proposed that "if he has one drop of Indian blood in his veins and has not been assimilated into the social fabric of our civilization he is a Metis."
Related terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary uses the spelling Metis, but Métis with the acute accent is used officially by organizations such as the Métis National Council and the Government of Canada.


  • “Metis” in the Canadian Oxford Dictionary, Second Edition, Oxford University Press, 2004.
  • Métis people (Canada) in Wikipedia (accessed 2008-04-04).

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ancient Greek Μῆτις (Mêtis) from Ancient Greek μῆτις (mêtis, wisdom).


Proper noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Metis astronomical symbol


  1. (Greek mythology) A Titan who was the personification of wisdom, the first spouse of Zeus, and the mother of Athena
  2. (astronomy) A satellite of Jupiter.
  3. (astronomy) 9 Metis, a main belt asteroid.
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]