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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Likely back-formed from *dʰur-ih₁, an old neuter dual form, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰwer-.[1]



*durz f[1]

  1. door, hatch, flap


consonant stemDeclension of *durz (consonant stem)
singular plural
nominative *durz *duriz
vocative *dur *duriz
accusative *durų *durunz
genitive *duriz *durǫ̂
dative *duri *durumaz
instrumental *durē *durumiz

Usage notes[edit]

This word was a plurale tantum in Old Norse, and it might have been used in that way in Proto-Germanic as well (compare the same development with cognate *dvьri in most Slavic languages); this is further evident by its form in compound words (e.g. compare Old English ēagduru, Old High German ougatora, ougtora, Gothic 𐌰𐌿𐌲𐌰𐌳𐌰𐌿𐍂𐍉 (augadaurō)). In Old High German and Old Dutch it became a singular i-stem, which no doubt derives from the original plural. Old English and Old Saxon show a u-stem noun, which most likely derives from the singular because of the lack of umlaut.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*durī-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 110