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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From earlier *inźūˀ-kas, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *inźūˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s.

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian liežùvis, Old Prussian insuwis.

Indo-European cognates include Sanskrit जिह्वा (jihvā́), Old Latin dingua, Proto-Germanic *tungǭ.


*ęzỳkъ m

  1. tongue
  2. language




  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 159
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “язык”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “язык”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 467
  • Trubačev O. N., editor (1979), “*ęzykъ”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 06, Moscow: Nauka, page 74f