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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative reconstructions[edit]


Normally viewed as a derivative of *golъ (bare, naked) +‎ *-ěnъ +‎ *-ь, from Proto-Indo-European *gelH- (bare, naked). If so, the original meaning would have been bare bone. A similar derivational construction is found in Proto-Slavic *kolěno (knee) (though, the root there is not entirely certain).

An origin from Proto-Indo-European *gwelH- ~ *gʷelH- (to stab, to bend) is also not excluded (cf. Proto-Slavic *bedro (thigh) from Proto-Slavic *bosti (to prick)). Related lemmas in that case would be Lithuanian gãlas (tip, end), Latvian gals (tip, end) and possibly Ancient Greek γύαλον (gúalon, hollow structure, depression). According to Vasmer, further akin to γυῖον (guîon, limb).


*gȍlěnь f[1][2]

  1. crus (as part of the leg)
  2. shin (as a bone)
    Synonym: *piščalь



Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*golěnь”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 174: “f. i ‘shin’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “golěnь”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “f. c skinneben (PR 138)”