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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *pínˀtei, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)penh₁-.



  1. to stretch
  2. to tie, fix together


Related terms[edit]

  • (possibly) *pętà (heel)
  • (possibly) *pǫ̀to (fetter)
  • (possibly) *pьňь (trunk of a tree, stump)

Derived terms[edit]


  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: пꙗти (pjati)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:

Further reading[edit]

  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999) , “пина́ть”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 33
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “пну”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*pę̀ti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 399: “v. (c) ‘stretch’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “pęti: pьnǫ pьnetь”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c (SA 203, 212f., 235, 251; PR 139)”