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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Pre-slavic *péntei (pin-), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *pínˀtei, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)penh₁-.



  1. to stretch
  2. to tie, fix together


Related terms[edit]

  • (possibly) *pętà (heel)
  • (possibly) *pǫ̀to (fetter)
  • (possibly) *pьňь (trunk of a tree, stump)

Derived terms[edit]


  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: пѧти (pęti)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:

Further reading[edit]

  • Chernykh, P. Ja. (1993), “пина́ть”, in Историко-этимологический словарь русского языка [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2 (панцирь – ящур), 3rd edition, Moscow: Russian Lang., →ISBN, page 33
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “пну”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*pę̀ti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden; Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 399: “v. (c) ‘stretch’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “pęti: pьnǫ pьnetь”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c (SA 203, 212f., 235, 251; PR 139)”